Can Two Biggest Nations, Oromo and Agaw, Cooperate Against System of Domination in Oromia (aka Formerly Ethiopia)?

by Fayyis Oromia

Few years ago, the well-known historian Prof. Laphiso Delebo disclosed the presence of 23 million Agaw in Oromia (aka Ethiopia). That means the Agaw are the second biggest nation, next to the Oromo (most of them nowadays being Amharinya-speakers and Tigirinya-speakers); if this figure is true, where are they living now? In Axum, Adwa, Tembien, Abergele, Welqayit, Tsegede, Enderta, Adigrat, Semien, Quara, Metema, Lasta, Wag, Awi,…. etc? In general, are they not the owners of the most areas of Tigrai, part of Gondar, half of Gojjam and the whole Lasta? Illustrative Map:

There is a very troubling question in minds of many people from Oromia (aka formerly ‘Ethiopia’: ), which didn’t get adequate answer till now: why was it easy for the Tigirinya-speaking Neo-Nafxanya (the NN) to rule over the Oromians since 1991? Why even may it be easier for this group to dominate all nations in Oromia for further many decades? I think, it is mainly because of the misguided elites of the two big nations – the Oromo and the Agaw. Note that here, Nafxanya is defined as a force of a certain nation being led by its warlords to invade, exploit and oppress neighbouring nations by using nefx (gun).

For the last 24 years, the NN managed to corner both the Amharinya-speaking Agaw, who are the majority in the so-called multinational organizations, and the Oromo elites, most of whom are the proponents of nations’ right to self-determination, because of their struggle for the unconditional unitary country and the unconditional independence of the Oromo state, respectively. The NN could reserve the ideological middle ground, i.e. a union of free nations or the language-based federalism, as its own position, and accuse the Agaw elites as centralists and the Oromo nationalists as separatists. I did appreciate the position of the visionary leaders from these two big nations, who repeatedly tried to foster an alliance against the NN; especially in 2006 they tried to take a necessary step to tackle the NN’s tactic of divide and rule. The historical face-off between the Habeshanized and the non-Habeshanized Cushites was a unique historical advantage for the NN to perpetuate its rule limitlessly. That is why the hitherto dialogue between the Agaw forces and the Oromo fronts was a good start, even though it was described by the NN leaders as a marriage between fire and straw (isat ina ciid). Unfortunately, the forged alliances didn’t last long, and the elites of these two big nations are not yet in a position to cooperate. It is really pity that these elites still live in a conflict against each other. The effect of their inability to solve the conflict is, of course, the ongoing subjugation of all nations in Oromia (aka ‘Ethiopia’) by the NN.

Disregarding the past and present criminal ruling class in Oromia (formerly ‘Ethiopia’), actually both the Agaw and the Oromo peoples were victims of the European colonizers. The main conflict and imbalance of power between the Habeshanized Cushites and the non-Habeshanized ones started at the end of 19th century, at which time the Europeans had their program of Scramble for Africa. It was said that the French colonizers used to move horizontal between Dakar and Djibouti, whereas the British colonizers’ move was vertical between Cape Town and Cairo. The two forces were about to confront each other in the Horn of Africa. To avoid the confrontation, the colonizers had to do their usual manipulation in Africa: choose one ethnic group as “superior,” and use it to suppress the others which they consider as “inferior.” They told the Habeshanized Cushites that they were “culturally superiors and they must civilize the inferior animist” Oromo and other nations. They provided weapons and helped the Habeshanized Cushites (aka the Amhara) by giving military advice; thus, they controlled indirectly the area without confronting each other. With such manipulation, both the Agaw and the Oromo nations became victims. Even though the rulers of the country were servants of the European colonizers, both the Agaw and the Oromo peoples always lacked freedom since then.

Nowadays, the Tigirinya-speaking NNs are the neo-servants of the Western neo-colonizers, who are instrumentalized to suppress the Oromo, the Amharinya-speaking Agaw and the other oppressed nations. For they are in almost the same situation, there is nothing which can hinder the alliance of the Agaw democratic forces and the Oromo pro-liberty fronts to fight in unison for our freedom, but still there are practical problems, which have to be addressed. The elites from both sides yet need to learn how to tone down their respective striving for mere “unconditional unity” and mere “unconditional independence without union.” The Agaw forces pushing for unconditional unity makes the Oromo to be skeptical for we know what the Agaw elites want to achieve with this pretext. At the same time, the attempt of some Oromo elites to achieve independence of the Oromo national area – without giving any chance for a union and without valuing its benefit – makes the Agaw forces to panic for they fear a sort of discrimination in the future free Oromo region. Such move of both camps is counter-productive in the struggle for freedom. The NN manipulates this difference between the elites of the two big nations in order to create more discord and take advantage of their conflict. To deal with such mischief of the NN, very important now for the elites of the two nations is to concentrate on the common agenda: freedom and democracy. If both sides come to their senses and rally behind these two ideals, a free Oromo state and a free Agaw state in an integrated Oromia (aka ‘Ethiopia’) as a compromise solution can be fulfilled. This is possible if all nations in the Empire will be free from the ongoing tyranny, killing, and looting under the NN rule and in case they decide to foster a union named Oromia. Above all, the victims from the two big nations need to wake up and say in unison – NO to the status quo under the fascist regime!

For the durable alliance of the two forces against the NN, by default or by design, to be realized, I do endorse the common goal – union of free nations as a result of self-determination exercised by each nation. Till now, it was very difficult to get such a common purpose, hence unity of purpose was impossible. The Oromo elites argue that the Oromo must get first our national independence by any means, and then build a union based on free will. Some Agaw forces argue that “the so called Habesha are simply the converted and assimilated Cushites, who are speaking Amharinya and Tigrinya; so the Oromo don’t have to separate from their own people, but should bring these Habeshanized Cushites back to their lost root, and, of course, then have a leading role in the politics of the country.” The mistrust between the Agaw and the Oromo elites is a God-given opportunity that the NNs are enjoying to rule over the country as long as they can. Unless the elites of these two big nations come to terms and cooperate, all nations in the Empire have to settle for the rule of the NN, not only for few years, but possibly for many decades. For the necessary cooperation, union of free nations as a result of their respective self-determination and even union, including others in the Horn (based on free will), can be taken as the noble cause for which we all can fight together. Not accepting this model means unconditional separations of independent nations as the alternative.

Till now, certain steps have been taken by the Oromo elites to forge the common ground with the Agaw forces just to discredit the NN in the Oromian [aka formerly ‘Ethiopian’] political history. The short sighted NNs, who are good at winning battles, but can never win the war, thought that they can control the Oromo struggle. Actually the oppressive actions of the NN boosted the struggle, for it is getting even more Oromo support. Further interesting is the fact that the Oromo elites in a long run could take away the card, which the NN needed for further existence in Oromia. They did this with two very important steps: 1. in 1992 they denied the NN a sort of legitimacy it desperately needed in Oromia; thus the NN became the eternal enemy of the Oromo people; the TPLF could have made the OLF its partner and would have enjoyed support of all Oromo, but it formed the OPDO and made itself alien to the Oromo; 2. in 2006 the formation of an alliance with the “multinational” Agaw parties dismissed (at least temporarily) the very important instrument the NN used to rule over the Oromians – i.e. antagonizing the Agaw forces as “centeralist chauvinists” and the Oromo fighters as “narrow separatists.” Unfortunately, being in the polarizing trap of the NN, these two groups couldn’t persistently struggle in unison against the tyrants. Now, the time should come, when this instrument starts to die slowly, but surely, and the NN be under attack from both the Agaw and the Oromo nations. Take it only 1 year or as long as 10 years, the NN should pass away like the Derg. After losing power, the NN will be remembered in Oromia as the German Naizi is now; the future Tigrinya-speaking generation will definitely distance itself from the NN and be ashamed of its history just like the people of Germany are doing.

In order to understand what the Agaw elites do advocate, let’s look at the difference between unity, empire and union. Putting the difference in short, empire is always established “per force” and union results “per free will.” If the Agaw forces are the believers of the second premise, they, of course, risk that the free will of people can lead to an independence of nations without a union, not to their wished unconditional unity. Concerning the difference between unity and union, the first is pre-modern, whereas the second is post-modern. A certain British scholar classified countries in the world in to three: 1- pre-modern chaotic states like the artificial constructs/countries of Africa; 2- modern nation-states like some mono-national-states in Asia and Latine America; 3- post-modern union of free nations like those in the European Union. The Agaw elites need to see that African nations, including those in the Empire, are kept as pre-modern due to the arrangement made by the European colonizers, and this situation is now perpetuated by the AU [African Union] dictators. Africans need to leave these artificial nations behind and forge natural nation-states, if we want to be transformed from our present pre-modern position, passing through the stage of modern status to the post-modern condition like an independent Oromo state and an independent Agaw state in an Oromian [aka formerly ‘Ethiopian’] union – the most beneficial status which the Europeans themselves are enjoying.

Some Agaw elites, at least theoretically, do believe that the destiny of the Oromo should be decided by only the Oromo people. The question to be asked is: what will happen if the Oromo decide against the unity which the Agaw want and opt to build an independent Oromo state without a union? Do the Agaw accept and move on, or will they fight against the decision? They also should have a clear position on the type of unity they want to forge: union based on free will, or unity based on forced wish? Those who do advocate unity by force have their own argument; especially, it is interesting to hear them trying to instrumentalize the present American politics. They narrate “just as American union was saved by force, we will struggle to save our union.” Can’t they grasp the difference between the two “unions”? America is the land of immigrants melted together to accept the American identity and speak only English. Do they want all the native nationalities in Oromia [aka formerly ‘Ethiopia’] be melted to have such uniformity and speak only Amharinya? Why do they forget that even they are the worst victims of such assimilative melting, so they lost their Agaw identity and chose to hide behind the mask of Ethiopiawinet with the content of Habeshawinet. As far as I know, even the most liberal Agaw movements advocate unconditional unity, which is not the goal of the Oromo nationalists and not the wish of other oppressed peoples. If the Agaw elites want a unity of purpose with the Oromo fighters and get rid of the NN, I would like to repeat that they accept a union based on self-determination of nations as a common denominator, instead of pushing for unconditional unity.

As I understood till now, Oromian [aka formerly ‘Ethiopian’] politics is kept in balance due to the struggle between the following three blocs: 1- the bloc of the governing NN force; 2- the bloc of the so called unity forces dominated by Agaw elites; 3- the bloc of all oppressed nations, which do first want to be liberated from the system of domination before fostering a union. When the Agaw elites talk about alliance against the NN, do they mean alliance of only political and civic organizations in the second bloc, or do they also want to include those in the third block? I think, they already put a precondition for the alliance to be forged: accept unity unconditionally! With this precondition, they seem to exclude those in the third bloc. If they want to include the third bloc in to the alliance against the NN, they need to change this precondition and try to find a common denominator with the third bloc: nations have to decide on their own destiny based on free will, be it for an independence within a union or for an independence without a union. Does their rhetoric about democracy include such demand of peoples to decide on their destiny? I hope, at least the democratic Agaw elites will start to think and act independently from the chauvinist conservatives.

The two positions, i.e. the position of the Agaw forces (unconditional unity) vs. the position of the Oromo fronts (union based on free will), should be discussed and debated further. Even when nations give their vote to independence within a union, yet it is mandatory to decide secondly on which type of federal arrangement. The Agaw forces are advocators of the geography-based federalism in contrast to the language-based federalism, which is preferred by most of the freedom fighters. As “democrats,” all of them have to live by accepting the winner per the public verdict. But, can they extend this principle of referendum to the argument: independence within a union vs. independence without a union? As I heard and read till now, some Agaw elites didn’t even decide on the issue regarding which type of federation to support. Concerning the benefit-cost discussion in cmparing the two types of sovereignty, all the stakeholders, of course, can try to convince the public before voting. Regarding the Oromo people, both types of federations are not bad, as long as all nations agree to name the union – ‘Oromia’; otherwise, the language-based federation is the minimal acceptable solution. Optimally, the Agaw elites can advertise for the advantage of unity and the Oromo fronts preach about the importance of independence, then live according to the public verdict. Alternatively, of course, the compromise and the common ground for both groups can only be national freedom within a regional union, which may be supported by both sides; the alliance of both forces together can try to convince the public about the importance and benefit of this common goal – a union of free nations (Union State of Oromia).

Yet, interesting to observe is that some Agaw elites fear “the fact that peoples can be brainwashed and vote against their own interest.” What a concern! It is simply wrong to think that peoples decide against their own interest. If they even do mistakenly vote against their own interest like the “Americans elected Mr. Bush,” let it be. That is also part of democracy. During elections, informing the public before coming to a decision is good; taking away such a possibility of the decision making process from people is undemocratic. Why should we call it brainwashing, instead of “convincing”? It is, after all, about influencing people. In America, the evangelicals were convinced and were successful with Mr. Bush and the quasi-socialists were successful with Mr. Obama. Where is brainwashing? It is about convincing the majority; the ones who won the hearts and minds of the majority were the victors. In the free and fair competition, for the Agaw forces – which struggle for unity, there is the same chance to that of the Oromo fronts (advocators of a union). Their freedom of choice must be mutually respected. Regarding the dictatorial unifiers, who advocate unconditional unity without the option for a public verdict, it should be known that they deny freedom of the Oromo and other nations. For example, when they say “be andinet lay anideraderim!” – they send a message: “you either accept this andinet or we will deal with you.” They don’t dare to say, “we advocate for unity and then let the public decide.” Their approach is arrogant, dictatorial and uncompromising! To such people, the Oromo fronts also should say: “be netsanet lay anideraderim.” Now how can the two groups who do say “anideraderim” deal with each other democratically? The only solution for such dictatorial mentality will be bullet, as it has been. Up to now, the dictatorial forces won for the last 150 years and they “united us” by force. The Oromo nationals call this as colonization, for it is not a union based on free will. Some with similar dictatorial ideology, like the NN, now want to continue the status quo at gun point. Hopefully, the democratic Agaw elites will do the business otherwise.

I think an alliance of all anti-NN forces, by default or by design, is still the best way to come to the position of self-determination for the Agaw, the Oromo and the other nations as well as to promote the democratization and integration of the future union of all nations in the region (a national freedom within a regional union). The result will be a free Oromo state, a free Agaw state and other nations’ free states within an integrated Oromian [aka formerly ‘Ethiopian’] union. But, can the two big nations yet cooperate for such a compromising solution or should we allow the NNs to play their card of divide-and-rule? The win-win solution suggested here is not just fancy, but fact, which can be realized. In summary, I would like to say: no empire in history has ever changed through reforms. For a democratic Agaw state and an Oromo state in a union of nations to be realized, the Empire’s system of domination must end and an Oromian [aka formerly ‘Ethiopian’] union be forged. Sovereignty of Oromians [aka formerly ‘Ethiopians’] over their country should be promoted; all nations – big or small – need to have an equal right to national self-determination. It is only if they are free that they can decide on their destiny. At the end of the day, even many more nations in the Horn can join the union voluntarily. There should be no nation to decide on the fate of the others, as the Habesha elites (the Habeshanized Cushites) did till today. The same is true for all nations in the whole Africa; there is a possibility for the United Sate of Africa to be established in a long run based on the free will of its entire nations and peoples. Even the Habesha mass, who have never had a say in their lives, will get the opportunity to exercise their own self-determination and elect leaders of their own choice freely. As long as national domination persists, the struggle for liberation will continue. That is why I would like to say the solution for the current problem in the whole Oromia [aka formerly ‘Ethiopia’] is the cooperation of the Agaw pro-democracy forces, the Oromo freedom fighters and the other nations on a common denominator of fostering a genuine language-based federalism (the Union State of Oromia [aka formerly ‘Ethiopia’]). May Waaqa help, especially, the elites of the two big nations to come to our senses!


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18 Responses to Can Two Biggest Nations, Oromo and Agaw, Cooperate Against System of Domination in Oromia (aka Formerly Ethiopia)?

  1. Mudean T says:

    This article is interesting and reflects the reality on the ground. Those Amharic speaking Agaws masked with false identity should come out and claim their true identity. Masking with something else does not change their actual being.

    • Iwnetegna says:

      Agaw monkeys themselves are not even proper ethnic groups or homogeneous, Monkey Agaw from Bilen is not the same as the monkeys Agaw from awi…the monkeys of Debre Markos are not the same as the monkeys of Kemant. While Amhara tend to be more homogeneous and cluster with each other and their language is old. Proto-Amharic pre-date the Aksumite empire so it makes them distinct from Baboon Agaws… Since Agaws Donkeys are not homogeneous that means you have a false identity, while Amharas are more proper ethnicity and more homogeneous…

  2. Getachew says:

    What is your proof what you said is true.

    • Garo A says:

      The proof is fact on the ground. The proof is Chilga, the proof is Gonder Zuria, the proof is Lasta. Do you want more?

  3. Kamzana F. says:

    Very interesting political developments are cropping up as demonstrated by the above article. These issues need to be studied with cool mind. Anything that invites violence or war does not pay in the end. We have seen this time and again. We have to be inclusive of every God-created creature in this formula. Yes, the Agaw-Oromo alliance is primal in the political landscape of Ethiopia to do away with the mentality of the old, archaic and domineering ideology of a dominant nation in the multi-national reality of Ethiopia. Unity has to be true unity and not forced unity. Forced unity is what has been the cause for eternal bloodshed and unhappiness of the majority of the Ethiopian people. If need be basic questions what is Ethiopian nationalism, What is the nature of Ethiopian politics, What is the objective reality of present Ethiopia, what constitutes true nation and nationality, what is freedom, what is democracy, and what can the new rising political entities such as the Agaw-Oromo alliance and such future alliances bring to the table to assist to redefine the present situation. We cannot blame the traditionalists who hang on the old notion of a nation or nation-state. They do not have an experience other than what they inherited from their forefathers. And we know very well how this inheritance has been handed down to their children; with fukera, shilela, denfata, qararto and similar war mongering slogans to hoodwink the assumed challenger. The Agaw and Oromo people have been the main targets of all monarchical rulers as targets of their finances and their insatiable drive to collect exorbitant taxes or tributes for their own survival. This stupid notion should come to a halt once and for all. The present government should educate the new generation about the failings of the outmoded form of governance, and restrain itself from falling in the same pit. When everything and all is added and summarized life is about sharing love and compassion with each other. We cannot thrive on the unhappiness of others; nor should we be happy over the unhappiness of others. There is much that can be learned from the Agaws and the Oromos in the new emerging alliance of forces and the new constituted Ethiopia. We cannot just give credit to Ethiopia and Ethiopians in general, because that amounts to giving credit to whomever comes to power–and so far everyone comes to power using force. The wisdom and essence of the multifarious nations/nationalities within Ethiopia must be taken into consideration. Force is antithetical to the power of love and compassion. Eventually love and compassion will triumph. This is a spiritually known fact. In other words, those of us who advocate a new form of political alliance should strive to redefine the already familiar political terms, not jut to fit their immediate interest, but for the longer haul.

    May Almighty God be our guide.

    • Garo says:

      Political right should not be equated to hate. In fact it is those people who oppress others that are lacking love and compassion. Fighting for ones God given rights is the noblest thing one can do.

  4. BYENE W says:

    Ethnic politics of WAYANE is working and WAYANE is benefiting. That what exactly they want to achieve. We are divided in ethnic line and have no strength to put up resistance collectively. These so called intellectuals should think about the future rather than preoccupation with temporal emotion.

  5. Jambar T says:

    I have tried to read carefully this article written by Fayyis Oromia. Actually, the insight of the author is appreciable and which is a good investigation to find a solution for the ever political crisis in Ethiopia. According to his narration, there must be a union of nations (particularly among Oromos, Amharic speaking Agaws, Tigrigna speaker Agaws and other Cushites) out of their genuine free will, without adhering ‘unity by force’. I personally believe in that too in the efforts of nation-building in Ethiopia, all nations or nationalities must be liberated from any form of subjugation and free union must be the guiding principle. The alliance of the Oromos and the Agaws for struggling against the political dominance of any form should, I say, be encouraged. It does not have any downsides. Nevertheless, I have some questions for Fayyis Oromia:

    1) From historical point of view, I think most of us know that the Oromo People are largest Cushitic Peoples in Ethiopia or Empire or Union. But, in this article, you mentioned that the name ‘Ethiopia’ must be replaced by the name ‘Oromia’ as the land of Oromo as a whole as a political solution through passing the willful union, otherwise Independence of Oromia is a panacea. The question, at this point, is how could it be possible? Could it be possible to adopt the name ‘Oromia’ and impose this name against the very identity of other nations (having their own distinct names for centuries) including the Agaw Cushites?
    2) I think the idea you have aired out by this article is innovative one but without stressing on those broad groups–Semites, Cushites, Omotic and Nilotic in the Empire we are living to day. Therefore, could it be possible to campaign for the rejuvenation and re-empowering the Cushitic Oromo at the expense of identities of other nations or nationalities including the Agaw cushites?
    3) To replace the name ‘Ethiopia or Cush’ by the name ‘Oromia’, I think, we should have strong historical evidence to convince other nations or nationalities in the Empire we are living now. Otherwise, couldn’t it be a strong reaction over other oppressed ones in the Empire?

    • Fayyis says:

      if you read carefully the answers for your questions are in the article:

      1) the Name Oromia is not to be imposed, but to be accepted voluntarily as a compromise solution, if those who wish unity want that the Oromo People give up their Goal of Independence. Oromia here is = Cush = Ethiopia. Cush is the Name given by the Jews; Ethiopia is from the Greeks for the same geographical Area!

      2) Those who are named as Semetic and Omotic are basically Cushitic nations, who adopted Semetic and Bantu components in their language! Only the niclotic are basically different, but they are 5% of the whole Population! Of course in the future democratic Oromia their minority right will be respeceted fully!

      3) We Need not only historical evidence, a determined will to seek inclusive win-win solution and the opinion here is serving that end!

      Otherwise, here are some reasons why the Country should be renamed as Oromia:

      – the Tigrai elites reduced both Oromia and the Oromo almost to half, just as planned by their leader Meles Zenawi to change the majority Oromo to minority, so it is better to reclaim the whole country than accepting the presently less than half Oromia, which is determined by the anti-Oromo elites.

      – Oromo is Cush and Cush is Oromo, implying that the other Cushitic nations (including the Amhara and Tigrai nations, who denied their Cushitic base) in the country are the offshots or the progenies of the Oromo, so that they can be part and parcel of Oromia.

      – According to Dr. Fikire Tolessa, the whole country belongs to the Oromo and all the hitherto kings and leaders were Oromo, the Amhara being only soldiers of the governments.

      – the brain and heart of the whole country (Finfinne) is the very center of the Oromo nation, so that any country governed or ruled from that center can be called Oromia.

      – the Oromo is a single majority (60%) and the NET Oromia covers more than 60% of the whole country.

      – all economical, specially export, base of the whole country (coffee, gold, hide & skin, flower, caat…etc) are from Oromia proper (from net Oromia).

      – most of the Arbenyoch (heros), who did build and kept the country as it is now, are Oromo heros and most of the Athlets, who contributed for the fame of the country, are the Oromo.

      – Even the whole Gojjam and part of Gondar and Tigrai were Oromo and belongs to Oromia.

      – the original Cushitic language in Meroe was highly related to Afaan Oromo and the other Cushitic languages are branched from it.

      – Waaqeffannaa, the indigenous religion of the Cushites, which was also Abraham’s own religion before the emergence of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is still preserved among the Oromo people and it needs to be revived as unique religion of the country.

      – the holy TREE (as mentioned in the Bible), under which the pre-Judaism religious peoples on the earth sacrificed to their Waaqa, is still revered in the Oromo society.

      – the known verse in the Holy book “Oromia stretches his hand to Waaqa” is named as Cush by the Jew and as Ethiopia by Greeks.

      – Abraham Ashine of the Akkasuma, who was Cushite is said to be more with Oromo characters and told to have Oromo fighters during his invasion of Asia.

      – the Oromo are told to be the indignous people on which the others are grafted.

      – the study of Egypt showed more Afaan Oromo character than Amharic in relation with old Egypt inscriptions.

      – the present country is built at cost of the Oromo, actually with life and limb of the Oromo people as well as with Oromo property.

      – ….. etc!

  6. Dear Fayyis Oromia:
    Thank you for your elaborated answers to my questions. I am one of the Kemants who are among the oppressed Ethiopians living with identity crisis for centuries. I personally want to know further my real belonging or identity first before stretching out efforts as contributions in the process of nation-building. I have again two questions to be answered:
    1) Is Dr. Fikire’s work authoritative? Could you please make it accessible to me for further reading and good discussion? I want to know how Dr. Fikire makes the whole Ethiopian population as Oromo.
    2) Still I am not clear with your comment when you say that “Other Cushites are the offshoots or progenesis of Oromo”. clarfify it please? How could the other Cushites including the Agaws, siblings of Oromo be again the branches?
    3) How do you see diversity?

    • Fayyis to Jambar says:

      Hi Jambar,
      Thanks for the further questions! To reply in short:
      1) Dr Fikre’s work alone is not authoritative, but there are more scholars thinking in that direction! To dig further on his work, start with this letter and go on:

      2) Nowadays there is a trend of accepting the fact that the Oromo is the main stalk of Cush and Cush is Oromo; the other Cushitic nations being the offshoots, i.e Agaw and Beja being the oldest offshoots, whereas Somali and Sidama being the latest is discussed! Also here, you need to dig deep by starting here:

      3) Concerning your last question: diversity is beauty! When I recommend the name change to Oromia, I am not denying the diversity among the Cushites! The already differentiated Cushites should keep their diversity (beauty) and promote their unity of purpose!

  7. Jambar says:

    Dear Fayyis:
    That is wonderful. I thank you and appreciate your endeavor to make others convinced about our common unfinished assignments (from the perspective of nation-building process in Ethiopia) expected to be discharged with collaborative efforts of all citizens. The letter written by Dr. Fikire to Dr. Beyan cannot be downloaded for the time being and the other material you sent me is at my hand. I will try to read and investigate more on those materials just to have understanding, “Oromo means Cush and the vice versa is true”. The big challenge I had was related to the issue “how other Cushites including Agaws could be offsheets of Oromo?” Let us fight against the ever existing oppression over Cushites and regain our liberty without any precondition within Ethiopia!

  8. Birtukan says:

    የቅማንት ህዝብ ‹‹በአገዛዝ እንጅ በህዝብ የተፈፀመ በደል ደረሰብኝ ብሎ መቸውንም አያውቅም!››

    ለዚህ መጣጥፍ መነሻ ምክንያት የሆነኝ በየነ አስማረ እና ሊቁ እጅጉ የተባሉ ሁለት ግለሰቦች በኢሳት ሳተላይት ቴሌቨዥን ቀርበው በክፉም በደጉም ለዘመናት አብሮ የኖረውን ‹‹የቅማንትና የአማራ ህዝቦች ስለተጣሉ ደም ከመፋሰሱ በፊት ተቀራርበው ሊታረቁ ይገባል›› የሚል ዲስኩር ቢጤ ቃለ -መልልስ ነው፡፡ እነዚህን ሁለት ግለሰቦች ማንነት በትክክል ለሚያውቅ ሰው በማንኛውም የህዝብ ሜዲያ አይደልም በተናጠል ጎን ለጎን ተቀምጦ ለመነጋገር የሞራል ብቃት፣ እውቀትና አቅም የሌላቸው ከመሆናቸውም በላይ ሁለቱም ቢሆን በትልቅና በትንሽ ወንጀል ውስጥ ሲዋኙ የነበሩ ግለሰቦች ናቸው፡፡ ሊቁ የሚባለው ግለሰብ እጁ በቅማንት ልጅ ደም የጨቀየ፣ የሰው ልጆችን በዘራቸው፣ በሀይማኖታቸው በመመንዘር ከእሱ ብሶ የሚንቅ ፣ በጭካኔ የሚገድል ግለሰብ ነው፡፡ ይህ ግለሰብ በምንም አይነት መለኪያ ስለአብሮነት የመስበክም ሆነ የመናገር ብቃቱ የለውም፡፡ አቅሙ አይደለማ! ከዚያ አለፍ ሲል ደግሞ የቅማንት ጉዳይ የቅማንት እና የቅማንት ብቻ እንጅ እንደሱ አይነት ‹‹ቅማንት ገዳይ›› እያለ የሚፎክር የወረደ ግለሰብ በምንም አይነት መንገድ የቅማንት ህዝብ ጉዳይ የእሱ ጉዳዩ እንዳልሆነ ቀድሞውንምን መረዳት ነበረበት፡፡ የቅማንት ህዝብ ጥያቄ ሁለቱ ግለሰቦች እንደሚያወሩት የቦታ ሽሚያ ሳይሆን የማንነት ጉዳይ መሆኑን እውቀቱ ቢኖራቸው ኑሮ ወደዚህ አይነት ተራ ንግግር ለማድረግ አይሞክሩም ነበር፡፡
    ኢትዮጵያ አገራችን የተለያየ ቋንቋ፣ባህል፣ ሀይማኖት አንዲሁም ማንነት ያላቸው ህዝቦች ለዘመናት ጎን ለጎን ክፉውንና በጎውን በጋራ የተካፈሉ፣ በውጭ ጠላቶች በኢትዮጵያና በህዝቦቿ ላይ የሚቃጣባቸውን የወረራ ጦርነት በጋራ ከምሥራቅ አስከምዕራብ ከሰሜን እስከ ደቡብ በመጠራራት ወረራ በተከሰተበት አቅጣጫ ቀፎው አንደተነካበት ንብ በመትመም ጠላትን ድባቅ ሲያደርጉ የነበሩ ህዝቦች ለመሆናቸው ታሪክ ይመስክራል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ኢትዮጵያዊ መገለጫቸውን የጋራ በማድረግ፤ የውስጥ ግላዊ ማንነታቸውን አንዱ ያንዱን አክብሮ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ በቋንቋ መሰል ልዩነቶች ምክንያት የሚፈጠሩ መናናቆችና የተዛቡ አመለካከቶችን አንደ ህዝብ አቻችሎና አስማምቶ የኖረ ህዝብ ለመሆኑ ብዙ የታሪክ ድረሳናት የሚመሰክሩት ሀቅ ነው፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች አንደ ህዝብ ሀይማኖት፣ ባህል፣ ቋንቋና መሰል ልዩነቶች ሳያግዳቸው የሰሜኑ ወደ ደቡብ የደቡቡ ወደ ሰሜን፣ ምስራቁ ወደ ምዕራብ በአጠቃላይ ወደ ፈለገው አቅጣጫ በመዘዋወር ተከባብሮና ተስማምቶ፣ አለፍም ሲል አንዱ ጎሳ ከሌላኛው ጋር በደምና በአጥንት በመተሳሰር ለዘመናት አብሮ ኑሯል፡፡
    ይሁን እንጅ በተለያዩ ዘመናት የሚነሱ ገዥዎችና የዚያ ሥርዓት ተራ አሽቃባጭ ቡድኖች የጭቆና ዘመናቸውን ለማራዘምና የቡድን ጥቅማቸውን ለማሳካት አንዱ ህዝብ በአንዱ ላይ እንዲዚምት የሀይማኖት፣ የቋንቋና የባህል ልዩነቶች በመምዘዝና አጉልቶ በማሳየት እርስ በእርሱ ጦር እንዲማዘዝና በጠላትነት እንዲተያይ አገዛዝ ሰራሽ ጦርነቶች ሲካሂዱ ኑረዋል፡፡ በዚህ በገዥዎች አማካኝነት በተለኮሰው ጦርነት ተሸናፊው ህዝብ በአሸናፊው ወገን በባርነት እንዲያገለግል፣ ንብረቱ እንዲዘረፍ፣ መሬቱ ተቀምቶ ገባር እንዲሆን ማንነቱና ቋንቋው ተንቋሾ የሌላ ማንነትና ቋንቋ በሀይል ተገዶ እንዲቀበል ይደረጋል፡፡ በአንድ ዘመን የበላይ የነበረው ግፈኛ ከተበዳይ ወገን በሚነሳ ሀይል በተራው ሲሸነፍ ደግሞ የዚያ ሥርዓት አገልጋዮችና ተከታዮች በተራቸው በሰፈሩት ቁና ግፍ ይሰፈርላቸዋል፡፡
    በዚህ የረዥም ዘመን የማስገብርና የመገበር ሂደት ውስጥ የተከናወነው ጦርነት በህዝቦች ዘንድ የሚታሰበው በግፈኛ የጦር መሪዎች የተፈፀመ በደል አንጅ አንድም ቀን በተለየ ህዝብ አማካኝነት በሌላኛው ላይ የተቃጣ የህዝብ በቀል ተደርጎ አይታሰብም፡፡ ህዝቡም ያለፈ ታሪኩን ለቀጣዩ ትውልድ የሚያስተላልፈው ‹‹በዚህኛው ገዥ(ንጉስ) ወይም የአካባቢ የጦር መሪ ዘመን በእኛ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት በደል በህዝባችን ላይ ደረሰብን›› ይላል እንጅ ‹‹አንትና ተብሎ በሚጠራ ህዝብ ተወረን ነበር›› ብሎ አያውቅም፡፡
    ነገር ግን የህዝቦች የአብሮነትና የአንድነት አስተሳሰብ በየዘመኑ ለሚነሱ ገዥዎች ስለማይመቻቸውና የግፍ የሥልጣን ዘመናቸውን ያሳጥርብናል ብለው ስለሚያስቡ በአመራሮች የሚበጠበጥ መርዝ የግድ በህዝቦች መካከል መረጨት አስፈላጊ ስለሚመስላቸው በህዝቦች መካከል ያለውን የባህል፣ የቋንቋ፣ የሀይማኖት ልዩነቶች መሰረት በማድረግ አንዱ ህዝብ ሌላኛውን እንዲንቀው፣ እንዲያንቋሽሸው ብሎም በጠላትነት እንዲተያይና አንዱ በአንዱ ላይ እንዲነሳ ይቆሰቁሳሉ፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ ጦርነቱ ከተቋጨ በኋላ ህዝቦች ያለምንም ቂም በቀል አብሮነታቸውን እንደገና ይቀጥላሉ፡፡ በአንደኛው የአገሪቱ አካባቢ ርሀብና ችጋር ሲከሰት ችጋሩ ከተከሰተበት አካባቢ የሚኖረው ህዝብ ችጋር ወደ አልተከሰተበት ወገኑ በመሄድ ያን የመከራ ዘመን ከአሳለፈ በኋላ ችግሩ ሲወገድ ወደ ቀየው ይመለስና ኑሮውን እንደገና ይጀምራል፡፡ በተራው ደግሞ በአንድ ወቅት ለተቸገረው አካባቢ መጠጊያ ሆኖ የነበረው በተራው ተመሳሳይ ችግር ሲደርስበት በፊት አስጠግቶት ወደ ነበረው ወይም ወደሌላ አካባቢ በመሄድ የተከሰተው የተፈጥሮ ወይም ሰው ሰራሽ ችግረ አስኪያለፍ በመቆየት ይመለሳል አለያም በዚያው ለምዶ ይቀርና ከሌላኛው ህዝብ ጋር አብሮ ኑሮውን ይገፋል፡፡
    የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ዝምድናውን ወይም አብሮነቱን የሚያቆራኘው በሚኖርበት መልካ-ምድራዊ ቅርርቦሽ እንጅ አጥንትና ዘር በመቁጠር ከሱ ርቆ ለሚገኘው በተመሳሳይ የጎሳ ሥም የሚጠራውን ህዝብ ‹‹የእኔ ወገን ነው›› ለማለት ብዙም አይደፍርም፡፡ ይህን በምሳሌ ለማስደገፍ ጎንደር አካባቢ የሚኖርና ራሱን ‹አማራ› ብሎ የሚጠራ ህዝብ ሸዋ ወይም ጎጃም ከሚገኘው ራሱን ‹አማራ› ብሎ ከሚጠራው ህዝብ ይልቅ በቅርብ እርቀት የሚገኘውን ትግርኛ ተናጋሪ ህዝብ ወገኑና በችግር ጊዜ ደራሽ እንደሆነ አድርጎ ይሰማዋል፡፡በተመሳሳይ መልኩ የሰሜን ሸዋ ኦሮሞ አርሲና ወለጋ አካባቢ ካለው አፋን ኦሮሞ ተናጋሪ ህዝብ ይልቅ ለሰሜን ሸዋና ለጎጃም አማርኛ ተናጋሪ ህዝብ ይበልጥ እንደሚቀርበው ይሰማዋል፡፡ ይህ ማንም የማይክደው ሀቅ ነው፡፡ እንደ ህዝብ ለይተን ካየነው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እውነተኛ ገጽታ ይህ ነው፡፡ ህዝብ ማለት ደግሞ የጭቆናና የግፍ ቀንበርን በህዝብ ላይ የሚጭኑ ውስን የጦር አበጋዞችንና የእነሱ ጠመንጃ አንጋቾች ማለት አይደልም፡፡ ድሮም ሆነ አሁን ድረስ ቢሆን ሥርዓቶችን እንጅ አንድን ህዝብ በጠላትነት በመፈረጅ የሚናገር አንድም የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ያለ አይመስለኝም፡፡ ህዝብን በህዝብ ለማነሳሳት የሚያቀነቀነው አኩይ ተግባር የተጫጫናቸውና የሥርዓቱን ቁንጮ በተቆጣጠሩት ግለሰቦች ወይም ቡድኖች ብቻ ነው፡፡

    የቅማንት ህዝብ በገዠዎች ከጥንት አስከዛሬ የደረሰበት ግፍ
    የቅማንት ህዝብም እንደ አንድ በኢትዮጵያ ሰማይ ስር እንደሚኖሩ ሌሎች ህዝቦች ሁሉ ለዘመናት የደረሰበትና አሁንም ድረስ እየደረሰበት ያለው ግፍ በተለያዩ ጊዜያት በተነሱ ገዥዎችና የጥቅም አራማጆች ምክንያት እንጅ በህዝብ የተፈጸመበት በደል እንደሌለ ታሪክ ይመሰክራል፡፡ በኢትዮጵያ አንደ አማራ (የሰሜን የጎንደር አማራ) እና ቅማንት ህዝብ አብሮና ተቀራርቦ ተጋብቶና ተዛምዶ የሚኖር ህዝብ ያለ አይመስለኝም፡፡ ወደ አጥንት መቋጠር ዝቅ ብንል ደግሞ የአማራ ደምና አጥንት በቅማንቱ ውስጥ አለ፡፡ አለመታደል ሆኖ ሀይማኖትና ፖለቲካ ይህን ህዝብ ለሁለት ሰነጠቁት እንጅ የአንድ እናት ልጆች ለመሆናቸው ማንም በየቤቱ የሚያወራው ነው፡፡ በደርግ ዘመን አንዲት የአብዮት ቀልድ በመጥቀስ የቅማንትንና በጎንደር አካባቢ ስለሚኖሩ አማራኛ ተናጋሪ ህዝብ ያላቸውን ዝምንድና ላመላክት፡፡ አንድ የደርግ ካድሬ ህዝቡን ሰብስቦ ‹‹ አድሀሪ ማነው?›› ብሎ ይጠይቃል፡፡ አንዱ ተሰብሳቢ ትንሽ አሰብ በማድረግ እጁን ያወጣና ‹‹ ቀድሞ አድሀሪ ያለ›› በማለት ይመልሳል፡፡ በተመሳሳይም የቅማንትና የአማራ ህዝብ ልዩነትም ቢሆን ቀድሞ ክርስትናን ከመቀበል ያለፈ ልዩነት ያለው አይመስለኝም፡፡ ‹‹አማራ ማነው? ———————– እንደማለት ነው፡፡
    ያም ሆነ ይህ ድሮ አንድ የነበሩ ህዝቦች በአገዛዝና ሀይማኖት ጥምር ደባ አማካኝነት እንደ ሁለት የተለያዩ ህዝቦች መቆጠር ከጀመሩ ዘመናትን አሳልፈዋል፡፡ የአማራው ህዝብም የቅማንትን ህዝብ ‹‹ቅማንቶች›› ቅማንቱም የአማራን ህዝብ ‹‹አማራ›› በማለት አብረው ለዘመናት ኑረዋል፣ አሁንም እየኖሩ ይገኛሉ ወደፊትም ይህ አብሮነታቸው ይቀጥላል፡፡ ይህ ሲባል የቅማንት ህዝብ በአገዛዙ አማካኝነት በደል አልደረሰበትም ማለት አይደለም፡፡ ቋንቋውን እንዳይናገር ቋንቋው የወፍ ቋንቋ፣ ሀይማኖቱ አረማዊ ባህሉና ወጉ ኋላ ቀር ብሎ በማንቋሸሽ ገዥዎች ወደሚፈለጉት የህዘዝብ መደብ ለመውሰድ ያልፈነቀሉት ድንጋይ አልነበረም፡፡ በዚህ ምክንያት ከፊሉ ተሸንፎ ራሱን ወደ አማራነት ቀይሯል፣ ግመሹ ወደ ተራራና በረሀ ተሰዷል፤ ግማሹ ደግሞ የመከራ መስቀሉን ተሸክሞ አሁን ያለበት ላይ ደርሷል፡፡
    በዚህ ህዝብ ላይ ጦርነት በገዥዎች ታውጆበታል፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ መከራን በዘዴ ማሳለፍ የሚችለው ህዝብ አንዳንዴ ጦርነቱን በመከላከል ሌላ ጊዜ በመሰደድ ማንነቱን እዚህ ድረስ አድርሶታል፡፡ እነዚህ ጦርነቶች በሁለቱ ህዝቦች መካከል የተፈፀሙ ቢሆን ኑሮ አንዱ አንደኛውን ሙሉ በሙሉ አጥፍቶ ይኖር ነበር እንጅ አሁን እንደሚገኘው በጉርብትና በፍቅር መኖር አይችሉም ነበር፡፡
    ይህ ህዝብ በአገዛዙ የደረሰበትን በደልና መከራ አገዛዙ እንጅ ጎረቤት የሆነው የአማራ ህዝብ በደል አደረሰብኝ ብሎ ፍጹም አያውቅም፡፡ ምክንያቱ ከአገዛዙ ጋር በቁጥር ደረጃ እኩል አይሁኑ እንጅ ቅማንቱም አማራውም በጋራ የሥርዓቱ መሳሪያ በመሆን በህዝብ ላይ በደል አድርሰዋል፡፡ የጭቆና ሥነ-ልቦናው አይነት ይለያይ ካልሆነ በስተቀር የአማራው ህዝብም ቢሆን ከጭቆና አገዛዙ በደል ፍጹም ነፃ አልነበረም፡፡ይህም ማለት በተለያዩ ዘመናት በነበሩት የግፍ አገዛዞች የቅማንትና የአማራ ህዝብ እኩል ተጠቂ ነበሩ፡፡ ልዩነቱ የአማራው ህዝብ በማንነቱ ምክያት አንደቅማንት ህዝብ የሚደርስበት በደል አልነበረም፡፡ አማራው በአማራነቱ በኩራት አንገቱን ቀና አድርጎ ሲናገር ቅማንት በቅማንትነቱ ምክንያት እንዲሸማቀቅ ተደርጓል፡፡ በዚህ ረገድ በጎንደርና አካባቢው የሚኖረው አማራ ነኝ የሚለው ህዝብም በቅማንቱ ላይ በተለያዩ ሥነ ቃሎችና አባባሎች የሥነ -ልቦና ጫና ፍጹም አላደረሰም ባይባልም የዚህ ግፍ ምንጭ መሰረቱ አገዛዙ በመሆኑ በመገንዘብ የቅማንት ህዝብ በአማራ ህዝብ ላይ ቂም ቋጥሮ ፍጹም አያውቅም፡፡
    የቅማንት ህዝብ በተወሰኑ ግለቦችና የአገዛዙ የአጥቢያ ሹሞች ዛሬም ድረስ ከትምህክት አመለካከትና ከግፍ አገዛዝ ነፃ ሊወጣ አልቻለም፡፡ የባለፈው የግፍና የመከራ ዘመን እንደሥርዓት ቢወገድም አሁንም ድረስ በተወሰኑ የመንግሥት ሹመኞች ያለው የትምህክት አመለካከትና ይህን ህዝብ በዘሩ ምክንያት የመለየት ሥራው እንደቀጠለ ነው፡፡ እንዲያውም ድሮ አባቶቻችን ሲያስተናግዷቸው የነበረው ድብቅ የዘር ማጥፋት ወንጀል በዚህ ህዝብ ላይ በግልጽ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ተፈፅሟል፡፡ የቅማንትን ህዝብ ከኢትዮጵያ የብሔረ-ሰብ መዝገብ ሙሉ በሙሉ አንዲሰረዘ ተደርጓል፡፡ ቋንቋው እየሞተ እያዩ የሥርኣቱ ሰዎች ለማዳን ጥረት ለማድረግ አልሞከሩም፡፡ ይባስ ብለው ‹‹ቅማንት የሚባል ህዝብ በግዛታችን የለም›› በሚል የክልሉ መንግሥት በምክር ቤቱ ድምጽ አሰጥቷል፡፡
    የቅማንት ህዝብ ህገ-መንግሥቱን መሰረት በማድረግ ለአነሳው የእውቅና ጥያቄ የክልሉ መንግስት ከሚገባው በላይ እንዲንዛዛ ከማድረጉም በላይ በመጨረሻ ጥያቄውን ሳይመልስ አልፎታል፡፡ በዚህ ሁሉ ሂደት የቅማንት ህዝብ በአማራው ህዝብ አንድም ቂምና ጥላቻ አልቋጠረም፡፡ እንዲያውም አንዳንድ በአጎራባች ቀበሌና ወረዳ የሚኖር የአማራ ህዝብ የቅማንትን የመብት ጥያቄ በመደገፍ ስብሰባ አብሮ ተሰልፏል፣ ሰላማዊ ሰለፍ ወጥተዋል፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ ይህ ድርጊታቸው ለንዳንድ የብአዴን አመራር አልተማቸውም፡፡
    በክልሉ መንግሥት የተነፈገውን የመብት ጥያቄ የቅማንት ህዝብ ለፌደሬሽን ምክር ቤት ይግባኝ በማለቱ ምክንያት የክልሉ መንግሥት ውሳኔውን እንደገና እንዲመረመር ተገደደ፡፡ በዚህም ምክንያታ የክልሉ መንግሥት ‹‹የፌደሬሽን ምክር ቤት ለቅማንት ጥያቄ ወሰነ ከሚባል ጥያቄው በክልሉ መንግሥት ተመለሰ ለማስባል በመጨረሻ ሰዓት ጥያቄውን ብአዴን ይመልሳል በሚል ለህዝቡ ቃል ተገባ፡፡ በዚህ ሁሉ ሂደት አንድም የአማራ ህዝብ ቅማንት ለምን ህገ-መንግሥታዊ መብቱ ይከበራል ብሎ አልጠየቀም ነበር፡፡
    ይሁን እንጅ የቅማንት መብት ጥያቄ መከበር የማይዋጥላቸው በአንዳንድ የዞንና የወረዳ ኃላፊዎች አመራር ሰጭነትና የቅማንትን የመብት ጥያቄ የሚቃወሙ ጋንግ ቡድን ‹‹የአማራ ህብረት ኮሚቴ በሚል በማደራጀት የቅማንት ህዝብ ጥያቄ አቅጣጫውን እንዲስት መስራት ጀመሩ፡፡ በዚህም መክንያት በዚህ የአማራ ኅበረት ኮሚቴ አማካኝነት ከተህሳስ አስካሁን ድረስ በመተማ፣ በጭልጋ ፣በቋራ፣ በላይና በታች አርማጭሆ ወረዳዎች በአማራ ቀበሌዎች የሚሰሩ ወደ 400 የሚጠጉ የቅማንት የመንግሥት ሰራተኞች፣ አርሶ አደሮችና ኢነቨሰተሮች በግፍ ተባረሩ፡፡ ለእኒህ ወሮበላ ቡድኖች የገንዘብና የትጥቅ መሳሪያ እገዛ የሚያደርጉ ግለሰቦች መሳሪያ እየገዙ በቅማንት ህዝብ ላይ የሚዘምት ቡድን አደራጁ፡፡ በዚህ ረገድ የተወሰኑ በውጭ አገር የሚኖሩ ግለሰቦችም በዚህ ተሳታፊ ሆነዋል፡፡
    ለዚህ ወራሪ ቡድን ከተሰጠው ዋነኛ ተልዕኮ አንደኛውና መነገር ያለበት የላይ አርማጭሆን ወረዳ ዋና ከተማ ትክልድንጋይን ለመውረር ጥር 10/2007 ዓ.ም ወደ 500 የሚሆን የታጠቀ ሀይል በአቶ ጎቤ አዝማችነት ወደ ትክል ድንጋይ ተንቀሳቀሰ፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ በንቃት ሲከታተል የነበረው የአካባቢው ሰዎች ይህን ቀማኛ የወንበዴ ቡደን በማፈን ያለምንም ጉዳት ወደመጡበት እንዲመለሱ አድርጓል፡፡ በዚህ ዘመቻ የዞን አመራሮች ጭምር ለመሳተፋቸው በቂ መረጃ አለ፡፡ ይህ ነው እንግዲህ ለበየነ አስማረና ሊቁ እጅጉ የአመራና ቅማንት ህዝብ ተጣልቷልና እርቅ ይውረድ ልፈፋ፡፡ ጠቡ የአማራና የቅማነት ቢሆን ኑሮ ትክልድንጋይን ለመውረር የመጣው ወራሪ ሀይል በ500 ቁጥር ባልተወሰነ ነበር፡፡ የቅማንትና የአማራ ህዝብ ጠብ ቢሆን ኑሮ ለወረራ የመጡትን ጋጥ ወጦች አንድም ሳያስቀር የቅማንት ህዝብ ወደ ግባ ከመሬታቸው ይልካቸው ነበር፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ ግማሹ የቅማንት ህዝብ ሽማግሌ በመሆን እነዚህ ወሮበላዎች ብንረሽናቸው ወላጆቻውና ዘመዶቻው ጋር ቂም ስለምንጋባ ለዛሬ ወደመጡበት ያለምንም ጉዳት ይመለሱና ሁለተኛ ከመጡ ግን ልካቸወን እናሳያቸዋለን በማለት እንዲመለሱ አድርጓለል፡፡
    በአማራ ህዝበ ላይ ከላይ የተጠቁት ግፎች እየደረሰበት ያለው በዘመኑ ጥቂት አመራሮች መሆኑን አንባቢ ልብ ሊለው ይገባል፡፡ በዚህ ህዝብ ላይ ከድሮ አስከዛሬ የሚደረስበት መከራ በገዥዎች እንጅ በህዝብ የሚፈፀም አይደለም፡፡
    የእነ በየነ አስማረ እና የሊቁ እጅጉ መልስ ፍየል ወዲህ ቅዝምዝም ወዲያ
    በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ እነዚህ ግለሰቦች ለማንኛውም አይነት ሚዲያ ብቁ አለመሆናቸውን ጠያቂ ጋዜጠኛው ጭምር የተረዳ ይመስለኛል፡፡ የእነዚህ ግለሰቦች ስብዕናም ሆነ እውቀትና ክህሎት ለእንደዚህ አይነት መድረክ አይመጥንም፡፡ ዞሮ ዞሮ የሚያውቀው የሚዲያ ባለቤቱ በመሀኖ የእኔ ጉዳይ አይሆንም፡፡
    እነዚህ ግለሰቦች ጎንደር ተበታተነች፣ አማራና ቅማንት ወደ ጦርነት እያመሩ ነው፣ የቅማንት ህዝብ በ12ኛው ሰዓት የወያኔ መጠቀሚያ ለመሆን እየሰራ ነው ለማለት ያስቻላቸው ዋና ምክንያት ምን ይሆን?
    ጎንደር ክ/ሀገር አንድ የምትሆነው በዚያ አካባቢ የሚኖሩ ቅማንትና አማራ እንዲሁም ሌሎች ህዝቦች በእኩልነት ሲኖሩ እንጅ አንዱ በአንዱ የማንነት ስር ተጠልሎና ተጨፍልቆ ሲኖር እንዳልሆ መገንዘብ እንኳ ተስኗቸዋል፡፡ የሊቁ እጅጉ ግድ የለም ድሮም በቅማንት ህዝብ ላይ የነበረውን ጥላቻ በደም የጨቀየ እጁን ሳያጥብ አሜሪካ በመሻገሩ ሀጢያቱ የተሰረየለት መስሎት ስለሚሆን ግድ የለም ይሁን ፡፡ የበየነ አስማረ ጉዳይ ግን እጅግ ያሳዝናል፡፡ በየነ አስማረ አህያ ነድቶ ወደ ጎንደር ከተማ ሲገባ በቅማንትነቱ እየተሰደበና እየተሸማቀቀ መኖሩን አሜሪካ ሲሻገር ረስቶ በቅማንት የመብት ጥያቄ በተቃራኒው መሰለፉ የሰውየውን ከዜሮ በታች የማንነት ቀውስ ውስጥ መሆኑን አብይ ማሳያ ነው፡፡
    ጎንደር እንድትበታተን ቅማንት ምን አደረገ? የቅማንት ጥያቄ ‹‹ እኔ ቅማንት እንጅ አማራ አይደሉም፤ በመሆኑም በስሜ ልጠራ›› አለ እንጅ ጎነንደርን ለመበታተን ምን የተለየ ነገር አከናወነ? ሁለቱ ግለሰቦች ቅማንት የሚባል ህዝብ እንዳለ አያውቁም? ጎንደር ተወለድኩ የሚል ግለሰብ ቅማንትን ካላወቀ ሌላ ምን እንዲያውቅ ይጠበቃል? የቅማንት ህዝብ የቦታ ማስፋፋት ጥያቄ አነሳ ወይስ ደግሞ ድሮ ቅማንት የነበሩና ዛሬ በአማራነታቸው የሚጠሩ ህዝቦችን እንደገና ቅማንት ለማድረግ ተንቀሳቀሰ? ታዲያ በምን ስሌት ነው ጎንደር የምትበታተነው የአማራ ህዝብ የቅማንትን ማንነት ሊቀበል ባለመቻሉ ይሆን ሁለቱ ህዝቦች ወደ ጦርነት የሚገቡት?
    አቶ ሊቁና አቶ በየነ የቅማንት ህዝብ የማንም መንግስት አሽከርና አገልጋይ አልነበረም ለወደፊትም አይሆንም፡፡ እናንተ ወያኔ እያላችሁ የምትጠሩት የኢህአዴግ መንግሥት አገሪቱን ከመቆጣጠሩ በፊት ቅማንት በኢትዮጵያ በጎንደር ክፍለሀገር ይኖር የነበረ ህዝብ ለወደፊትም የሚኖር ነው፡፡ ቅማንትን በወያኔ የፖለቲካ ሙቀት የተፈለፈለ ህዝብ ሳይሆን ጥንታዊ ጎንደሬ መሆኑን ዓለም ያውቀዋል፡፡ ምን ለማለት እንደምትፈልጉ ለቅማንት ህዝብ ቢገባውም የቅማንት ህዝብ ጥያቄ ሁሉም ብሄር ብሄረሰቦች የተጎናፀፉትን የማንነት የመብት ጥያቄ በስማዕታቶች መስዋትነት ከፀደቀው ህገ-መንግስት እንጅ ከማንም እንዳልሆነ አለመገንዘባችሁ እጅግ ያሳዝናል፡፡አቶ ሊቁና መሰሎችህ የቅማንትን ህዝብ በጣሊያን ወረራ ጊዜ በዱር በገደል በአርበኝነት እንዳልታገለ የራሳችሁን የባንዳዕነት ተግባር ለመሸፈን የቅማንትን ህዝብ በባዳነት ከሰሳችሁት፡፡በትክክል ግን ማን ባንዳ እንደነበር (Ethiopia under Mussolini) የሚለውን መጽህፍ ከቻልክ አንብብ ካልቻልክ ደግሞ ለሰዎች አስነብብና እወቅ፡፡ ወያኔ (ኢህአዴግ) አስካሁን ድረስ በሥልጣን ላይ ያለው በዓላማ ፅናቱና በህዝባዊነቱ እንጅ በአንድ ህዝብ የሥርዓቱ ታማኝነት አይደልም፡፡ የቅማንት ህዝብ እንደሌሎች ህዝቦች ሥርዓቱ መለካም ነገር ሲያደርግ ያሞግሳል ሲሳሳት ደግሞ መሳሳቱን ህዝባዊ እይታውን ያስቀምጣል፡፡ ምንም እንኳ የቅማንት ህዝብ የመብት ጥያቄ በተወሰኑ ትምህክቶች መልስ እንዳያገኝ አስከዛሬ ቢደረግም ቅማንት እንደቅማንት አንገቱን ቀና አድርጎ መሄድ የጀመረውና ‹‹ቅማንት ነኝ›› ያለው በዘመነ-ወያኔ እንጅ በሰሎሞናዊ ሥርዓት አልነበረም፡፡
    በአለቀ ሰዓት የሚለው ንግግር በራሱ በአየር ላይ የሚለቀቅ ቀቢጸ-ተስፋ ይሆን ካልሆነ በስተቀር ለኢህአዴግ በሥልጣን መቀጠልም ሆነ መውረድ ወሳኙ የእናንተ በአየር ላይ የሚለቀቅ በአየር የተሞላ ፊኛ ሳይሆን በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለው ሰፊው ህዝብ ነው፡፡ የኢህአዴግ ሰዓት 12 ሰዓት እንኳ ነው ብንል የቅማንትን ህዝብ ቅማንት ሆኖ ከመቀጠል የሚያግደው አንዳች ነገር እንደሌለ እንድትገነዘቡ እፈልጋለሁ፡፡
    የእናንተ ጥያቄ የግዛት አንድነት ለመሆኑ ከአሁን በፊት ፅፌላችሁአለሁ፡አሁንም ልድገመው ጥያቀያችሁ ሰው አልባ አንድነት ወይም አንዱ ብሔር በሌላው የበታች ሆኖ የሚኖርበት አንድነት እየሰበካችሁ መሆኑ ማረጋገጫው ርዮት ዓላማችሁን ህዝቡ ባለመቀበሉ በየጊዜው የምትክቡት የቡሀይ ካብ እየተናደ ናዳው ራሳችሁን ወደ ምድር እያወረዳችሁ ለመሆኑ ራሳችሁ ጭምር የምታዉቁት ሀቅ ነው፡፡
    ነፃነት የማክዶናልድ የዶሮ ክንፍ እየነጩና በቢራ ጭንቅላትን እያናወዙ አይገኝም፡፡ ነጻነት የሚገኘው በህዝብ ውስጥ ሆኖ የህዝብን ብሶት ሰምቶ በቁርጠኝነት መታገልን ይጠይቃል፡፡ነፃነት የዋይት ሀውስንና የተባበሩት መንግስታትን በር በማጨናነቅ አይገኝም፡፡ከቻላችሁ ወደህዝብ ውስጥ ግቡና ህዝቡ የሚቀበላችሁ ከሆነ ሀዝባዊ ትግል አቀጣጥሉበሉ ካልቻላችሁ አፋችሁን ጉም አድርጋችሁ ቁጭ በሉ፡፡ ኢህአዴግ ደርግን የገረሰሰው በአወሮፓና በአሜሪካ ሰላማዊ ሰለፍ በማድረግ ሳይሆን በህዝቡ ውስጥ ሆኖ ነው፡፡
    በመጨረሻ አንድ ነገር ልነገራችሁ እወዳለሁ፡፡ ሁለቱ የቅማንትና የአማራ ህዝቦች እንደተጣሉ አድርጋችሁ የምትደሰኩሩትና እርቅ ያስፈልጋል የምትሉት እውን ሁለቱ ህዝቦች ተጣልተው ሳይሆን በዚህ ሰበብ የቅማንት ጥያቄ እንዲቋረጥ አልማቸሁ ለመሆኑ ከዚህ ያሉ የእናንተ ጋሻ ጃግሬዎች በግጽ ይነግሩናል፡፡ የቅማንነትን ህዝብ በየአቅጣጫው በማፈናቀል ህገ-መንግስታዊ ጥያቄውን ሊተወው ይችላል የሚል የተሳሳተ ስሌት መሆኑን እናውቀዋልን፡፡ ይልቅ በቅማንትና በሌሎች አጎራባች ህዝቦች ላይ የሚቃጣ የጦር መሳሪያ እየገዛችሁ ከምታስታጥቁ መንገድ፣ ት/ቤት፣ ጤና ጣቢያ ለህዝቦቻችሁ በማሰራት ህዝባሁን የልማቱ ተቋዳሽ ለማድረግ ስሩ፡፡ በጦርነት ያሸነፈ ወይም የተሸነፈ መንግሥት እንጅ ህዝብ በዓለም ላይ የለምና የሁለቱን ህዝቦች ሰላም ባትነሱ መልካም ነው፡፡
    ከቅማንት ጋር ተጣልቻለሁ የሚል ህዝብ ምን አልባት ካለደግሞ ከማንነትና ጥያቄ ባሻገር ባለው ማንኛውም ነገር ለመነጋገር የቅማንት ህዝብ ዝግጁ ነው፡፡ ግን ቅማንት በድሎኛል የሚል ህዝብ ግን አይገኝም፡፡

  9. getplus125 says:

    Agew people must not unit with Oromo union. I believe Oromo people will never be succeed because they have their own issues. Oromo people themselves divided into 10 different parts. 1. Oromo People who support EPRDF. 2. Oromo People who don’t support EPRDF. 3. Christian Oromo 4. Muslim Oromo 5. Orthodox Oromo 6. protestant Oromo 7. Muslim Oromo who support sharia rule in Ethiopia 8. Muslim Oromo who don’t support sharia rule in Ethiopia 9. People who fight for independent Oromo 10. People who don’t want to fight for independent Oromo and more. The above ten divided Oromo groups have their own issues among themselves. They are badly fragmented and will continue dividing themselves like protozoa. Last 120 years the Neeftegna Amharas played so bad in Oromo people mind. That’s why most Oromos are confused and unable to understand each other and think normal like human being. Now Stop uniting with Oromo and start using your own mind. The only thing Agew people can do for now is free themselves from Amharanization. Go back to your culture your language. Introduce yourself to Ethiopian people you are Agew not Amhara. Unite with Kemant and other nation and nationalities in Gojjam and Gonder. Help shinasha people, Argoba people, Saho people, Beja people Kunama people, Meder people, Gafat people. …….. There are over 36 nation and nationalities in Gojjam and Gonder only. Learn from Southern Nations and Nationalities People Republic (SNNPR). Don’t live in the name of Amhara until you establish Northern Nation and Nationalities people Republic (NNNPR).

  10. btb says:

    Are you afraid of Oromo and Agaw unity? They are not against any one.

  11. Bazie says:

    No need of fearing every nations’ and nationalities’ unity, but it should not be forcefully as it was before.

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