United Nations Secretary General & the OHCHR: End Genocide against Kemants Now

The present petition is supported by the Agaw Diaspora human rights forum. On a premise of every human being has the inherent right to life, free of physical and emotional pain and torture, please join a campaign against Genocide and give the Kemant victims your support by signing this petition. Also, communicate other people regardless of ethnic, race, gender or religion to sign the same. Please follow the following link:



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Open Letter to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia

June 2, 2018

Your Excellency Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa

Subject: Seeking Justice and Release of the Agaw-Kemant Prisoners of Ethiopia

Dear Prime Minister,

This is a second letter to the Ethiopian Government in request for the release of Agaw-Kemant prisoners, like other Ethiopian detainees. On March 11, 2018, we sent the letter to his Excellency FDRE Foreign Minister Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu, but no action. A copy of the letter had been published in Tigrai Online, Voice of Justice and Agew Discussion Forum social media.  Your Excellency’s latest efforts to secure the release of the Ethiopian detainees even from the neighboring countries sparkled our hope to write you this letter.

The enclosed 1-page document is a list of prisoners of the Agaw-Kemants in North Gondar, Ethiopia. They have been in a detention since 2015 because of their demand for self-rule inline with the Ethiopian Constitution, Article 39, Subarticle-3. It can be recalled that about 10,000 government forces conducted an excessive military operation in the Kemant area in late 2015, which caused destruction on human life and property. The operation was intended to force the Agaw-Kemants to drop their constitutional demand or to annex lowland Kemant areas, Metema and Quara, the west of Lake Tana.

The impact of the military campaign was investigated by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) and reported to the Ethiopian Parliament in June 2016. The parliament passed a resolution by authorizing appropriate compensation for the Kemant victims and due justice on the perpetrators. Unfortunately, the Ethiopian Government declined to implement the parliament’s resolution, neither the victims received the compensation nor the offenders brought to justice. Above all, the cause of destruction, demand for self-rule has not yet guaranteed. The government’s repeated unconstitutional efforts to split the Kemant community into two has been rejected. The Kemant people have insisted on their constitutional rights regardless of hardship they have been experiencing. The region is currently under tension, imminent for a third round conflict, perhaps similar to the 1992 Rawanda  genocide.  Provocative actions have been taken by the regional government, including fresh arrest of innocent farmers such as Mr. Andergachew Molla, who traveled to Gondar City for shopping and deployment of  paratroops known as Special forces to initiate violence in the region. Approximately, 1000 troops have been deployed in Chilga Woreda alone in the localities of Chonchock and Negade Bhir. The army also sent to localities of Robit, Maura and other two kebeles in Lay Armachiho. The government side has a ridiculous excuse to field soldiers, falsely blaming our fellow Tigrians and even Egyptians for the Agaws’ assertiveness to their rights.  The deployment is in violation of the 2015 agreement that prohibits the deployment of the paratroops in the Kemant areas.

The Ethiopian Government freed thousands of political prisoners February through May 2018. We are aware that currently Your Excellency is coordinating extraordinary diplomatic efforts to ensure the discharge of the Ethiopian detainees in neighboring countries. But, unfortunately, the release did not include the Agaw political prisoners at home, except three military personnel from Lasta. Here in a Diaspora, why the Agaws  have been discriminated is becoming a point of discussion. We believe that they have been deprived the opportunity because of their Agaw ethnic identity.

We are kindly seeking equal justice, including the immediate release of the Agaw-Kemant prisoners listed in the attached document, like other Ethiopians at least under the current amnesty. We are thoughtfully asking withdrawal of the paratroops whom have been refueling violence in the region.

Indeed, we would like to express our thanks in advance to Your Excellency for taking your precious time to look into the case for fair justice.  It is truly an honor to present for Your Excellency’s attention to this appeal on behalf of 10-million Agaw people.

With regards,

Workuw Berihu, Agaw Human Rights Observer, Associated with Agaw Community in Diaspora, Dallas, TX


The identities of Agaw-Kemant political prisoners under detention since 2015 at Gondar City and Aykel, Chilga Prisons:

No Name Address of Prison
1 Setegn Alemu Gondar City
2 Bayuh Meles Gondar City
3 Dessie Bihonegni Gondar City
4 Kefale Sisay Gondar City
5 Birili Bicha Aykel, Chilga



Banchi Tamru


Aykel, Chilga

Ms Banchi and her husband have been prisoned since 2016 leaving their six children without a caregiver.
7 Dinku Zegeye Aykel, Chilga
8 Asmaraw Ayelgni Gondar City
9 Mihiretie Bazezew Gondar City
10 Melkamu Getahun Aykel, Chilga
11 Amdework Addisu Aykel, Chilga
12 Asmaraw Mesno Aykel, Chilga
13 Enyew Goshu Aykel, Chilga
14 Muluken Tesema Aykel, Chilga
15 Chalachew Alemu Aykel, Chilga
16 Misganaw Eyeyu Gondar City
17 Asrie Meles Gondar City
18 Samuel Gashaw Gondar City
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Ras Prince Mengesha Siyoum and New Book on Agaw People

The new book, Identity and History: Who Is Not Agaw in Gojjam and Gondar, Ethiopia, the Constitution of 1995 and Unequal Treatment of Agaw People – Beta Israel

is not just limited to Gojjam and Gondar. It touches briefly Tigray to Eritrea in relevant contexts. For instance, one of the longest footnoted covers Ras Mengesha Siyoum’s Agaw Midir private visit in the 1960s. Mengesha was the Prince of Ethiopia and Ras of Tigray (governor of Tigray) until the 1974 revolution. According to the author, Ras Prince Mengesha came to Agaw Midir in respect of his root with the Agaw people. As well, the author lists the Mengesha’s two sons, Yohannes and Estifanos who accompanied him during his visit.  The author characterizes Ras Prince Mengesha as confident and esteemed, but a humble and sociable figure who interacts intensively with ordinary people. Follow the link below to find the book.

ሰላም ለሁሉም

ቁምላቸው ደስታ ነኝ


Ras Prince Mengesha Siyoum and the book

Both images obtained from Balambaras Negash Facebook, the author of the article, ቁምላቸው ደስታ didn’t have them initially.

Follow the link also to find article entitled Who is Prince Mengesha Siyoum in Amharic, by Balambaras Negash.


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In Quara, Kemant Farmers Boycott Referendum Voting and Illegal Voters Cast their Vote

(wlka informantt from Mtema): According to the latest report,  the regional government and security officials registered 1500 illegal voters in Quar alone. The illegal voters by definition are not residing a particular election kebele and not qualified to vote on the basis of the Ethiopian election law. Those illegal voters came to a respective voting station on Sunday morning to vote. The Kemants told them not to take part in the election illegally. But the illegal voters ignored the Kemants warnings and continued voting. Then, the Kemants boycott the process and return their home without casting the vote.

the similar dispute was broke in Shinfe due to the presence of illegal voters. But some of the illegal voters return their home without voting and the process continued. The problem is the regional security forces snatched voting cards from the Kemants and many of them couldn’t vote in Shinfe. Since the Kemants were walking to voting stations without arms, there was nothing they could do when police snatched and tore their cards.

According to the informant, all those illegal activities and fraud was reported to National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE), but it failed to discharge its constitutional responsibilities by preventing the process from fraud.

Some observers believe that outcome of the result is predetermined to the regional government and one should not expect anything different. The board is just there to legitimize the fraudulent referendum.

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Letter to US-Department of State

April 14, 2016

US-Department of State
2201 C St. NW
Washington, DC 20520

Reference: Appeal for United States’ Voice and Humanitarian Assistance for Victims of December 2015 Kemant Genocide in North Gondar, Ethiopia

The Kemant genocide, which took place in North Gondar, Ethiopia December 9-18, 2015, slaughtered more than 95 Kemants, women, children, and elders ; wounded 86 Kemants, kept in detention unknown number of people, displaced approximately 25,000 people. The displaced victims have been deprived basic needs, they have neither food nor shelter and currently suffering from hunger and diseases. Perpetrators also demolished or burned in fire 986 residencies, emptying the enter villages in some localities; destroyed or taken away 42,284 quintals of grain, seized more than 18, 700 domestic animals. The total of property loss in the course of genocide is estimated to be US$34.4 million.

Genocide was carried out by Amhara Regional Government forces of Ethiopia, comprised of 10,000 Special Forces, paratroops and armed militia who used 58 to 62 heavy trucks to transport logistics and personnel. The regional government has not denied perpetration of genocide, but portrayed as if it was people to people hostility, between Amharas and Kemants.

Persecution against the Kemant population, killing and detention have been in effect, especially since 2013. Kemants through their representative, called Kemant coordinating committee and supporters appealed to the Ethiopian Federal Government more than four times. The Federal Government of Ethiopia acknowledged the problem following current genocide and set up a special committee led by Kassa Tekilebirhan, former House Speaker and currently a cabinet member to implement self-rule for Kemants in 126-128 kebels/localities, 8-counties, but the committee has achieved nothing so far. Alternatively, a creation of a regional state for Kemants, proper & Amharic speaking Agaws in general and Beta Israelis living throughout Gondar and Gojjam, currently repressed in Amhara Region is believed to be the best remedy to guarantee durable security. Otherwise, provincial, zonal arrangement may not provide needed lasting security for Kemants and other ethnic groups.

Indeed, the central government’s inadequate response to the crisis is a reason for Kemant’s present sufferings. The central government has lacked the political will and commitment to bring alleged perpetrators, suspected officials to justice. Despite systematic atrocity committed against the Kemant population with purity, no key top officials presumably responsible for genocide have been brought to before justice, with exceptions of questioning junior ones who allegedly acted on top regional officials’ directives.

Unfortunately, even after December 2015, genocide is still in effect. On January 21, a government security force opened fire on the crowd gathered to celebrate the Ethiopian traditional Epiphany in Chilga and killed five people including the chief priest, Bisret Abera carrying a replica of Ark of Covenant and wounded dozens. On March 26, 2016, the regional government’s Special Forces, paratroops numbered 400-500 entered into the town of Tikildingay, Lay Armachiho County in the midnight and terrorized population including torture.

Moreover, the regional government officials are currently retraining including retired soldiers and disseminating propaganda via a party line obviously for large scale genocide on Kemants probably comparable to Rwanda 1992, or World War-II Holocaust against the Jewish people.

I under signed hereby, an independent human rights observer and community constituent kindly appeal on behalf of the victims, the United States to voice against injustice and play a positive role working with the Ethiopian Government for the following, purposes, but not limited:
a) all perpetrators to be tried at neutral court and prevent similar atrocity in the future.
b) The displaced victims to be provided with immediate humanitarian assistance.
c) The victims’ families to be provided with adequate compensation for lost life and properties.
d) One of the key suspects of genocide Mr, Gedu Andargachew, incumbent Head of Region-3, called Amhara Regional State currently in the US to be tried.

Attached please find a copy of the report of December 2015 Kemant Genocide, includes a list of victims, the location of catastrophe and names of suspected officials involved in genocide and theory for genocide.


Worku Berihu

CC to:

Prime Minister of Ethiopia, other concerned governments and international organizations

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Gafat people of South Gondar Identity and NMA’s Blood Based Amharanization Claim, Part-2

By Haileyesus Adamu

የጋፋት(ደቡብ ጎንደር) ሕዝብ ማንነት እና የ አብን ”የደም አማራነት” ክፍል ሁለት

በክፍል አንድ የአብን ”አማራነት ደም ነው” ትርክት ለናዚ መሰረት ከሆነው በ 19 ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን በ ጀርመን ”ደም እና አፈር”/ ”Blut und Boden” የተሰኘ መፈክር የተኮረጀ መሆኑን አሳይቻለው። ይህ ጀርመንነት በደም ነው የሚለው መፈክር የናዚ ዋና ፖሊሲ ሁኖ እነ ሂትለር የደም እና ዘር ጥራት racial purity ብለው አይሁዶችን፣ የአካል ጉዳተኞችን፣ የስነአእምሮ ችግር ያለባቸውን ፣ ጅፕሲዎችን እና ሌሎችንም በአንድ ላይ በመሰብሰብ ሰማያዊ አይን ፣ blond ፀጉር የሌላቸው እና የጥንታዊው ማስተር race የአርያን ዘር አባል አይደሉም በሚል ከ 5 ሚሊዮን ሕዝብ በላይ መጨፍጨፋቸውን፣ አውሮፓ ውስጥም ባስነሱት ጦርነት ከ 80 ሚሊዮን ሕዝብ በላይ መሞቱን ከ አብን የደም ፖለቲካ ትርክት ጋር እያነፃፅርኩ አቅርቢያለሁ ። በዛሬው ክፍል ሁለት የአብን ”የአማራነት የደም/የዘር ሐረግ ትርክት” ዋጋቢስ መሆኑን የጋፋት ህዝብን ማንነት በመዳሰስ አሳያቹዋለሁ።

የጋፋት ሕዝብ በአሁኑ ሰዓት በጋይንት፣ በ ደብረታቦር በእስቴ እና በምስራቅ ጎጃም ላይ ሰፍሮ ይኖራል። የጋፋት ሕዝብ የራሱ የሆነ ማንነት፣ ቋንቋ እና ባህል የነበረው ሕዝብ ነው። በቀደመው ዘመን አባይን ሁሉ ተሻግሮ በሸዋ ሁሉ ይኖር ነበር። ስለ ነገደ ጋፋት(ደቡብ ጎንደር) በጎንድር ታዋቂ የነበሩት አዛዥ ተክለሥላሴ ጢኖ. ”የሱሰኒዮስ ዜና መዋዕል” ላይ ከምዕራፍ አምስት እስከ 11 ድረስ በሰፊው ያብራራሉ።

“ነገደ ገፋት ሁለት ወገንና ክፍል ናቸው። የመ መሪያው የኩሳ ወገን ጋፋት ነው። ሁለተኛው የእስራ’አል ወገን ጋፈት ነው።በሁዋላ ግን በአንድ መጋባት ንብረትም ተቀላቀሉና አንድ ጋፋት ተባሉ። የኩሳ ጋፋት አባት ስሙ ጋፋት የተባለ አንድ ታለቅ ሰው ነበር። ለካም ልጅ ከኩሳ ዘር ነበር። ነገደ ኩሳ የኢትዮጵያን መንግሥት ለቅቀው አግአዚያን የተባሉ ነገድ ዮቅጣን የኢትዮጵያን አገርና መንግሥት በያዙ ጊዜ ይህ ጋፋት ከነልጆቹ፡ ያዘዛችሁትን ሰርቼ ለእናንተ ተገዝቼ እኖራለሁ፣ ወደማላውቀው አገር አልሰደድም፣ በለመድኩት ልኑር ብሎ ወደ ነገድ ዮቅጣን ላካ። እነዚህም ህዝብ ከብዙ ዘመን በኃላ ቀመኞች፡ሌቦች፡ግፋኞች ሆኑ። ስለዚህ ነገሥታት በየዘመናቸው፣ ይዘርፉዋቸውና ያጠፉዋቸው ነበር።” (የሱሰኒዮስ ዜና መዋዕል ምዕራፍ አምስት ጀምሮ እስከ ምዕራፍ አስርአንድ )

ነገደ ጋፋት ክርስቲያን በመሆን ጋፋትኛን እያጠፉ አማርኛ ተናጋሪ መሆናቸውን አለቃ ታየ እና ዮሐንስ ወ/ማሪያም ዘብሔረ ተጉለት እንዲህ ያስረዳሉ።
”ነገደ ጋፋት ጥንት አረማዊያን ነበሩ። አሁን ግን ክርስቲያኖች ናቸው። በአማራ ህዝብ መካካል ስለ ተቀመጡ ቋንቋቸውን አጥፍተው በአማሪኛ ይነጋገራሉ።አንዳንዶቹ የጥንት ቋንቋቸውን ያልረሱት የሚስጥር ነገር ብቻ ሲሆን በጥንት ቋንቋቸው ይነገራሉ እንጂ ቋንቋ ኣድርገው አይናገሩበትም። ዋና ቋንቋቸው ግን አማሪኛ ነው። የሚኖሩትም በደቡብ ጎንዳር ደብረታቦር ኣካባቢ። በእስቴና፣ ጎጃም ውስጥ ነው።” (ዮሐንስ ወ/ማሪያም ዘብሔረ ተጉለት 1936 ገጽ 122-125፣ አለቃ ታየ የ ኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ታሪክ ገፅ 31 ነገደ ጋፋት)

አለቃ ታየ የጋፋት ቋንቋ እሳቸው በነበሩበት ግዜ ሚስጥራቸውን ለማውራት ጋፋቶች ይነጋገሩበት እንደነበር ምስክርነት ሰጠዋል። እስከ ቅርብ ዘመን ድርስ የጋፋት ሽማግሌዎች ጋፋትኛ ይናገሩ እንደነበር የ ደብርታቦር እና እስቴ አዛውንትን በመጠየቅ መረዳት ይቻላል። ጋፋቶች ጠቢባን ነበሩ። በ እደጥበብ በተለይም በብረታ ብረት ፣ በሸክላ ፣ በሽመና ቆዳ በማለስለስ እና አዝማሪነት ሙያ የተካኑ እንደነበር ይታወቃል። አፄ ቴዎድሮስ ጋፋት(የአሁኑዋ ደብረታቦር ) ላይ ሰባስቴፖል መድፍን ለማሰራት የሄዱት ጋፋቶች በ ብረት ሥራ እና በእደ ጥበብ የተካኑ ስለነበር ነው። ጋፋቶች ቀጥቃጭ እና አዝማሪ እየተባሉ ለረጅም ግዜ ይሸማቀቁ ነበር። ጋፋቶች (ድቡብ ጎንደሮች) ከ አውሮፓ የኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት ቀድመው በ ኢትዮጵያ የ ኢንዱስትሪ አብዮት የማቀጣጠል አቅም የነበራቸው ቢሆንም በግዜው በነበረው ሁዋላቀር አስተሳሰብ ምክንያት ጠይቦች እየተባሉ ይንቁዋሸሹ ነበር። በዚህም ምክንያት የእደ ጥበብ ስራቸውን እየተዉ እየተጠመቁ አማራ ወይም ክርስቲያን ሁነዋል።

ወደ አብን አማራነት ደም ነው ትርክት ስንመጣ ደቡብ ጎንደር እና ከፊሉ ምስራቅ ጎጃም
የዘር ሐረጉ በማያሻማ ሁኔታ ነገደ ጋፋት ሁኖ እናገኝዋለን። የደቡብ ጎንደር እና ከፊል ምስራቅ ጎጃም ተወላጅ የሆኑ የአማራ ”አክቲቪስት” ፣ ”ፖለቲከኛ” እና ”ጋዜጠኛ” ነን የሚሉትም በአብን ”አማራነት ደም ነው” መርህ መሰረት በ ዘር ሀረጋቸው የ ነገደ ጋፋት አባላት እንጅ አማራዎች ሊሆኑ አይችሉም። በደም ፖለቲካም የሚያምኑ ከሆነ አሁን መታገል ያለባቸው የጋፋት የማንነት ኮሚቴ መስርተው ለ ነገደ ጋፋት ሕዝብ እንጂ ለአማራ ሊሆን አይችልም። ምክንያቱም የዘር ሀረጋቸው አማራ አይደለምና! የአብን አማራነት ደም ነው ትርክት ከንቱ መሆኑን የድርጅቱን ምክትል ሊቀመንበር እናት የትግራይ የዘር ሐረግ እንዲሁም የድርጅቱን ፀሐፊ ከፊል ቤተ እስራኤል ቤተሰብ በማየት በቀላሉ መረዳት ይቻላል። በነገራችን ላይ ይህ የድርጅቱ ፀሐፊ የፍኖተ ሰላም ልጅ ነው። ፍኖተ ሰላም ዳሞት መሆኑ ነው።በዚህም በኩል በደም/በዘር ሐረግ አማራ ሊሆን አይችልም። አስፈላጊ ከሆነ ስለ ዳሞት ሕዝብ ጥናታዊ ማንነት እና ስልጣኔ ራሱን የቻለ መንግስት ሁሉ እንደነበረው መዘርዘር እችላለሁ።

እኛ የ አማራ ብሄርተኝነትን የጥነሰስነው ህውሃት እና መሰል ጠባብ ብሄርተኞች አማርኛ ተናገሪ የሆነውን ኢትዮጵያዊ ሕዝብ ”አማራ” በሚል ፈርጀው ስላጠቁን፣ ከቀያችን ስላፈናቀሉን፣ ስለገድሉን፣ ስላስደዱን ራሳችንን ለማደን ነው። በዘር ሐረግ ለዘመናት ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከፍተኛ የህዝቦች ቅልቅል እና ውህደት መደረጉን ማወቅ አለብን። የታገልነው ከግፍ አገዛዝ ለ መላቀቅ፣ ለ ነፃነት፣ ለ እኩልነት፣ እና ለፍትህ ርትዕ ነው። ህዝብን እርስ በርስ ለሚያጫርስ የደም ፖለቲካ አይደለም!

(በሃይለየሱስ አዳሙ)

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Once Again Town of Shinfa, Gondar suffers from High Human Causality

The combination of the regional militia and paratroops known as Special Force, marched to Shinfa town on January 11, 2019, to attack the Kemant villagers and town inhabitants.  The human causality was extremely high in the latest week long military campaign against the Agaw-Kemants. Unconfirmed information coming from the Gondar City indicates that the government forces suffered an expected high causality at Shinfa. Government supporters from Gondar were talking about 108 deaths among militia who recruited from Wogera district alone. They said that they saw large died body destined to Wogera. The full picture of loss is not still clear. Furthermore, the causality among Kemant farmers who have been fighting for survival with the government forces is not available.

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Overview about New Agaw Party Shengo

By Wondmu Workuw

Agaw new party founding general assembly called Agaw National Assembly (ANA) congregates Agaws and relevant supporters all over the country on January 12, 2019 in Finfine. The new party is alternative to the AgDP. The participants will attend from Amara Region, Dangur, Southern Ethiopia, Tigray, Oromia and Finine/Addis Ababa.  According to the participants, the new party is needed to:

  • accelerate Agaw nationalism to ensure the survival of the Agaw people in the Ethiopian current social environment;
  • broaden the Agaws’ political, economic and social participation in Ethiopia;
  • liberate the Agaw people from endless oppression, atrocity, injustice and inequality by introducing autonomous self-government that treats all citizens equally its territory;
  • Facilitate fraternity, cooperation and strategic partnership with potential neighboring states: Oromia, Tigray, Gumuz, Amara  and eventually immediate neighboring counties such as Sudan and Eritrea based on dignity and respect.

The readers should note that participation all over the country at the assembly does not mean the Agaws do have territorial claim in these regions. Participation means simply rehabilitating the capacity of Agaw nationalism, but no border claim or territorial ambition by any form other than Dangur exceptional case. The rest of Metekel can join to Awi only voluntarily through intensive negotiation on a basis of give and take political principle with honor and respect not by force.

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350 Kemant Families Burned to Death Metema Yohannes, Ethiopia: By Regional Militia and Paratroops

January 10, Metema Yohannes: According to an eye witness who wants to remain in anonymous for personal security, the Amara Regional Government Militia and Paratroops burned 350 Kemant families in the town of Metema Yohannes, the border to Sudan while they were at their respective home. Most of them are children and women at the bad during the night. There  were three children managed to escape from the flame, but the regional soldiers captured them and threw back to the fire and died. The latest genocide operation against the Kemant community has been in effect since January 9, 2019 till this morning (Jan 11) and probably will continue. Some observers believe that federal army in the area has been providing support for the regional army including intelligence and logistics.

Image may contain: one or more people(Jan 10, 2019): Among children burned Image may contain: 1 person, standingby the government forces while at home


Image may contain: sky and outdoor(Jan 10): Houses and shops under fire while people were in their prospective house

The similar operation has been taking place all over districts of Quara and Metema. Target areas of Metema include Kekit, Forger, Meqa, Chercher, Jib Washa, Kirkirit, Negeda Bahir and Shinfa. Destruction was extremely heavy in all areas. In Quora and rural Metema, destruction was mainly focused on burning crops and looting cattle. Some soldiers captured by farmers were told them that they were ordered by the government to destroy crops and cattle Kemants who manage to save themselves from genocide to die by starvation. This the third genocide operation in both districts since September 2018. Shinfa was highly devastated town in second operation in the first week of December 2018.

Amharic media based in Diaspora and in Ethiopia such as Voice of America and ESAT are politically aligned with the government and do not cover the Kemant genocide issue even if they do, usually, they present in a distorted fashion by interviewing the government representative without including the Kemant side.


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Neo Nazism in ‘Amhara’ Region

By Negede Kush

አገው ብሄርተኝነት የቅንጦት ወይስ የህልውና ጉዳይ?
የዘውግ ብሄርተኝነት ያንድን ነገድ ወይም ብሄር ፍላጎት ማስጠበቅ (promoting the interest of a particular nation) ነው ይላሉ የዘርፉ ባለሙያዎች። ከዚህ መሰረታዊ አምድ ( Fundamental pillar) እንደምንረዳው የየትኛውም ብሄርተኝነት አቀንቃኝ የዛ ብሄር ፍላጎት ለማስጠበቅ ብቻ የተደራጀ መሆኑን ነው። አንዳንድ ወገኖች በተሳሳተ ግንዛቤ በመነሳት የአማራ ብሄርተኝነት አቃፊና ደጋፊ አድርገው ይስላሉ። ሀሳቡ የሚመነጫው የዘውግን ብሄርተኝነት በውል ካለመረዳት ነው። በነሱ ሃሳብ ብንስማማ እንኳ የአገው ህዝብ አማራነቱን መቀበል ቅድመ ሁኔታ (pre – Condition) መሆን ግድ ይለዋል። ይሄ ደግሞ አገር መስርቶ ላቀናው እና ለባለ ደማቅ ታሪክ ባለቤት ለሆነው አገው ፈፅሞ የሚስማማው አይደለም። የዚህ እኩይ ተልዕኮን ገና ከጅምሩ የተረዱት ቆራጥ የአገው ልጆች ማንነትን የመካድ( Identity denunciation) ተግባር የመሸከም አቅም ስላልቻሉ ወደ አገው ብሄርተኝነት ግንባታ ላይ መሳተፋቸው የአማራን ብሄርተኞች አስቆትጧል። ከዚህም አልፈው ዛቻና ማስፈራራት ም ጀምረዋል። በነገራችን ላይ ለትምህርት ይሆነን ዘንድ የጀርመኑን ታሪክ ባጭሩ እንይ። በ19ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን ባንዲት በተረገመች ቀን በጀርመን ምድር አንድ ኩነት ተከናወነ። ነገሩ እንዲህ ነው እኛ የተለየ ዘር ነን የሚሉ የአሪያን ማህብረሰብ አባለት “National Socialist German Worker`s Party “(Na-Si)” በእንግሊዝኛው Nazi የተሰኘ ድርጅት የአሪያን ነፃ መንግስት ምስረታን መሰረት አድርጎ ብቅ አለ። ዋና ዶክትሪናቸው ጀርመን ” የአሪያንዊያን ብቻ መኖሪያ ምድር” ( Living space for Aryans only) የሚል ነበር። የዚህ ቡድን ካርታው በጀርመን ምድር ብቻ የቆመ ሳይሆን ከአውሮፓ እስከ እስያ ድረስ የሚዘልቅ ነበር። ሁኖም የመጀመሪያ ስራቸው ጀርመንን የአሪያን ምድር ማድረግ ስለነበር በጀርመን ምድር ይኖሩ የነበሩ የሮማና የአይሁድ ዘር ያለባቸው የጀርመን ዜጎች የጥቃት ሰለባ ሆኑ። በገዛ አገራቸው ተገደሉ ፣ተጨፈጨፉ። የናዚው መሪ አዶልፍ ሂትለር በንፁሃን ደም የተጨማለቀ ታሪክ ለዓለም አበረከተ። ይህ አስቃቂ ድርግት እስከዛሬ ድረስ የዓለም አሳዛኝ ታሪክ ሁኖ ተመዝግቦ ይኖራል። እና የአገው ህዝብ የወደፊት ዕጣ ፈንታው በናዚ አስተሳሰብ ከሚመራው የአማራ ብሄርተኝነት ማምለጫ መንገድ ይኖረው ይሆን? ወይስ የሮማና የአይሁድ ጀርመናውያን ዕጣ ፋንታ ይገጥመው ይሆን? የነዚህ ጥያቄዎች መነሻ የሆነኝ ሰሞኑን የአማራ ብሄርተኞች “የአማራን ምድር ቆርሶ ዞንና ወረዳ ማድረግ አይቻልም” የሚል የናዚዎችን አስተሳሰብ ይዘው ብቅ ማለታቸ ነው። እነዚህ ቡድኖች ልክ እንደ ናዚዎቹ የአማራ ክልል የአማራ ብቻ መኖሪያ ምድር (living spac for Amhara only) ብለው ያስባሉ። ለዚህም ከሌሎች የተሻልን ነን ለማለት ለአገው በአማራ ለጋሽነት በችሮታ ዞንና ወረዳ ከአማራ መሬት ሰጠናል ይላሉ። ይሄም ሌላኛው የአሪያንውያን አስተሳሰብ ነው።

እውነቱ በተቀራኒው ቢሆንም ፈፅሞ ማወቅም ሆነ መስማት አይፈልጉም።ለዚህም አገው ስሙ እንዳይጠራ እና እንዳይደራጅ ሌት ተቀን ሲለፉ ይታያሉ። ምክንያታቸው ደግሞ የአማራ ህዝብ ቁጥር ይቀንሳል፣ ቁጥራችን ከቀነሰ የአገሪቱን ፖለቲካዊም ሆነ ማህበራዊ ሁኔታን መቆጣጠር አንችልም የሚል ነው። ምክንያቱም የወደፊት ካርታቸው ልክ እንደናዚዎች ከአማራ ክልል ያለፈ ስለሆነ ነው።እናም አገው ከተደራጀ ለነዚህ ሃይሎች ትልቅ ኪሳራ ይሆንባቸዋል። ለሚያስቡት በምስራቅ አፍሪካ ገናና የአማራ መንግስት ምስረታ ትልቁ ፈተና ሁኖባቸዋል። ስለዚህ ከዚህ አንፃር ስንመለከተው የአገው ህዝብ ጥያቄ የልማት፣ የዴሞክራሲ አሊያም የመልከዓም አስተዳደር የሚባሉ የቅንጦት ጥያቄዎች ሳይሆኑ የህልውና (existence) ጉዳይ ሁኖ እናገኛዋለን።በመሆኑም የአገው ብሄርተኝነት የቅንጦት ሳይሆን የመኖርና ያለመኖር ጉዳይ ነው።
አገውነት ይለምልም!

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Preliminary War Casualty

Image may contain: one or more people and outdoorAmhara Regional army approaching new front line, Quara (Kuzera), November 6, 2018

According to a report by  a wlka informant in the region, the war initiated by Amara Government November 1-7, 2018, caused considerable life loss and property destruction.  In addition to the government forces, Ginbot-7, former soldiers and currently Ginbot-7 members took part in the war in support of the government. The most destructive front line was Quara, Kuzera. More than 98 government soldiers died, the number of injuries was not known. From Kemant farmers’ side, 2-prominent farmers killed and 6 farmers sustained injury.  Quara front was opened after defeat in the Shinfa front, Metema.

Another destructive front line was Shinafa, Metema, 50 government soldiers killed in the first hour following the start of the war, the number of casualty in consecutive hours was not documented. The figure (50) was counted against the number of weapons collected from died bodies. The farmers captured including M4 they never had it before. The remaining government soldiers flew to Gumuz village hidden there and saved their lives. Oromo News Broadcast reported that the Kemant farmers handed over to Ethiopia Defense 43 Amara Government soldiers whom captured during Shina fighting.

At the same time, 5-Kemant farmers were killed and another 2 were shot dead while traveling to their farm area.  The most important Kemant figure whom died on this front was Mr. Gashew. Number of injuries was not known. Above all, Kemants suffered heavy property losses, the town of Shinfa was entirely consumed by fire caused by bomb threw by the government forces. The government soldiers are known by setting fire on houses, killing children and elderly people who cannot leave their house. As reported in the previous news, 30 children were massacred by the government forces on the Negeda Bahir front.

The government media failed to report the actual casualty, but it played down by saying it lost 4-soldiers. Virtually, all Amharic media, including  Radio German, VOA and ESAT were sympathetic to the government and declined to report the real events. Instead, they interview the government representative and disseminated fake news by ignoring the views and voice of the war victims, Kemants. As one observer put it, the ruling party has been making a political drama just to divert public attention. It has started externalizing this sad event, it has been privately blaming even Egyptians, Tigrian individuals and Oromos intellectuals who expressed their concern on the current unnecessary war. As African American Dr. Woshington noted in his comment, the governt war commander,  General Aseminaw Tsige who is not Amhara by blood, but mercenary working for material benefit, has been talking about preparing further war of genocide against the Agaw-Kemant community, we will witness another bloodshed in a short period of time.

kemant shepherds massacred by the government paratroops and militia in the first week of November 2018. After killing, the soldiers stabbed/cut the victims’ upper body, including eyes and arms.

Image may contain: one or more people, people standing, fire and outdoor Some of the destructionsImage may contain: fire and outdoor

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