Security Source States 23 People died, 89 People Taken to Detention Center and More Than 500 Kemants Are Hiding

wlka received the following information from a regional security source wants to remained in anonymity. According to this source, campaign against Kemants has been overseen by Regional Commander Dessie Aseme and his junior commander Amsalu who is responsible to directing a local security force.
The statement reads, since June 13 through 30, 2015, in District of Chilga, 23 Kemants killed most of them are killed while they were at their home. So far 89 people have been taken to unknown detention center; more than 500 people escaped just before arrest. The statement in the Amharic language does not say anything about situations in other districts.
The statement also claimed Kemants actually were unable to hold demonstration as planned. Their demonstration was planned for June 14, but a regional security force stormed house to house on the eve and the demonstration was aborted.

In related news, the Ethiopian legislative body, known as House of Federation passed a bill on June 24 clearing way for self-rule in all Kemant areas, comprise of 8-9 districts. The current House resolution obviously overrides the previous regional council decision that attempted to restrict the Kemant self-rule in two districts only, better known as 42-kebel rule.

However, some observers questioned the objectivity of the bill, because it authorizes the Regional Government for implementation. Since the regional government is not a neutral body, actually locked in warfare with Kemants for the past 6-years, how it can implement the bill without distortion is the question of many people.

Human rights violations in the Kemant areas has deteriorated, especially since the past two years. With exceptions of Oromo websites and blogs in Diaspora, Ethiopian related media governmental and non-governmental, including VOA Amharic Service and Radio German do not report human rights violations in the Kemant areas. According to some sources, these media believe that Kemants are struggling for restoration of Orit/Judaism, what is called worship of Abraham and should be punished. Also, human rights organizations failed to document on the Kemant issue. A man from Gondar City called Gadlu G in his nickname said, unfortunately, HUMAN RIHGTS WATCH AFRICA is part of the scheme probably innocently due to some of its deceptive employees. The watch has never documented a single report on the Agaw-Kemant case, and he questioned political neutrality of HRWA, well recognized the international body.

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Agaw Democratic Party (AgDP) Executive Committee Holds Emergency Meeting and Makes Calls on Ethiopian Government and International Community

Ag DP Executive Committee held an emergency meeting last night to discuss on death and injuries sustained against the Kemant people, in North Gondar, June 12 to 14, 2015. The committee heard reports obtained from varies media, that has indicated the death of 7-civilians and confirmed 8-people whom sustained serious injury are in critical conditions. Others have been taken into an unknown detention center. The communiqué reads, it has not yet able to determine the total victims and urges officials to investigation.
After evaluating the whole situations, the communiqués condemned any form of violence in the North Gondar and has made call on the Government of Ethiopia as follows:
1. Independent Investigation Commission to be designated by the parliament, People’s Representatives and the commission to conduct an independent investigation.
2. These victims in the critical conditions to be provided immediate medical treatment.
3. These party, or committee members and ordinary people abducted and taken to unknown destination to be released immediately.
4. Those offenders to be tried at independent court following the investigation.
5. The international community to give due attention to North Gondar as it has become the center of human rights violations as was once against Ethiopian Jews.
6. Find durable constitutional solutions for Kemant people self-rule demand.
7. The communiqué also calls on anyone refrain from any form of violence and stick to peaceful resistance.
This communiqués was issued on June 15, 2015 from Gondar City

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Breaking News: More Than Ten Kemants Shot to Death

The information forwarded to wlka states that more than 10 Kemants shot to death in Chilga District, North Gondar. Information had been sent this afternoon, it has not yet displayed the identity of individuals and other details. Some unconfirmed source claimed more than 100 people critically injured. wlka has no resource to send its informant to the scene area. It is impossible to communicate in the area. If you know details, you can send information directly to wlka including their names. Do not send your information to any person, wlka will not receive it.

Update: On Kemant People Death and Injury (June 15)

A source from Gondar City Police Department, who wants to remain in anonymity has provided the following updates:
• The death of 7 people confirmed.
• Other 8 people in critical conditions and admitted to Gondar Hospital, but not treated due to order from officials, expected to die.
There is conflicting report regard to the following individuals:
• Mr. Kassie Godo, AgDP party’s activist
• Mr. Fentahun, another AgDP activist and candidate for the past May 2015 election.
• Mr. Kassie Abera, a Kemant Committee member
• Two elders from the Aykel town
Some people claimed Mr. Kassie Godo was abducted on June 12, just before midnight, and his whereabouts is not known. Others say five of persons under police search for their attempt to organize demonstration.

Update on June 17:
In related news, Blue Party’s last month candidate, Mr. Samuel Awoke died in Debre Markos, on June 15, 2015, after attacked by unknown persons. An opposition said, murder is politically motivated, the government described private related.

The replica of this report has appeared also on American Embassy Facebook Addis Ababa, under Wlka Bt. First you can find Wlka Bt Facebook and then direct to the embassy facebook.

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Two Hours Ago 17 Young People, Supporters of Agaw Democratic Party Abducted by Security Force

Just two hours ago, 17 young people, supporters of Agaw Democratic Party have been abducted by a local security forces. One of them was the party’s observer for tomorrow’s election; his name is Endashiw, an inquiry is underway to identify his last name. Abducted victims were forced to walk on bare foot to unknown destination. Abduction took place in Lay Armachiho District, the locality called Erebu Gebya, 32 km the west of Gondar City, Northwestern Ethiopia. The incursion has been reported to National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE), but so far no reaction from NEBE. Another young person detained last night in the same District (Woreda) was released this afternoon after long debate among security personnel to kill or not to kill him.

Update on May 24, 2015

Report sent to wlka on May 24, indicates 2 observers, Teshale Tafere and Zemena Mazena disappeared and 5-more beaten and detained in Chilga District. The detainees were seen bleeding. At Wogera, Chuge A (ha) voting station, the voting counting was completed before 5:00 pm. The AgDP owned the vote, but the ruling party and the board observers refused to accept the result, as a result there was dispute with AgDP’s observer, Mr. Dereja. At 6:00 pm, Mr. Dereja was taken to unknown destination. His family and the party is searching his whereabouts. The ruing party acted violently after 10 voting station was early counted and AgDP won these and others in the district.

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Armed Militia Goes House to House and Gives Death Threat to AgDP Election Observers

Ethiopia supposed to conduct a democratic election on the coming May 24, 2015. But, an armed militia force comprise of five men traveled house to house today, May 19, 2015 in Lay Armachiho Woreda (County), North Gondar, Ethiopia. The militia checked the houses of Agaw Democratic Party observers for May 24 election process. The armed militia gave death threat to the party’s observers. It claimed those who observe for the Agaw Democratic Party (AgDP) would lose their live if they go out on the day of election to vote or observe for the party. Armed men also declared there would be violence all voting stations the AgDP is contesting.
Before one week, threat was targeted to potential voters and activists, since the middle of the past week; the ruling party has intensified persecution against potential observers all over election districts. In Metema District, Zebach Kebele, Mr. Meleku Tesfaye in hospital treatment after sustained injury by a separate armed militia. Most of districts declined to assign the observers in fear of the observers’ security. The districts determined to register observers regardless of death threat involves Dangla, Lay Armachiho, Gondar Zurya and Chilga. Now, most of them are submitting resignations. The report has been submitted to the National Election Board of Ethiopia and Africa Union Delegates in writing and orally, but no action has been taken to address the problem.

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Power Shutdown and Jamming on Agaw Democratic Party’s Election 2015 Transmission

Agaw Democratic Party/AgDP was not able to broadcast its election 2015 message on March 4, 2015. The National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) allocated for AgDP two TV schedules, each consists of 15-minutes. The first schedule was March 4, 2015 (Yekatit 26) on Amara TV immediately after 6:00 pm news. However, before five minutes of the party’s transmission, electric power was shutdown throughout Awi Province/Zone. The same thing happened also in four Gondar Zone districts, including Chilga County.

The power was available in the cities of Bair Dar and Gondar, but was too difficult to hear due to jamming. The party’s chairperson lodged compliant with a regional parties joint forum and NEBE. The forum characterized the move as a criminal act and condemned, but the NEBE has not taken any measures. The party’s members and supporters urged the party leadership appeal to the NEBE for an alternative broadcast schedule. In related news, a person who sent message to wlka in an anonymous condition claimed the power distribution in Ankesha-Gugusa woreda, one of Awi districts has been off since one month, but he added power disruption on March 4, 2015 in the other districts an active political sabotage not a technical problem.

The lately received report from Gondar City indicates that Mr. Muluken Wagnw a party member from Layarmachiho is in detention for the last 6-days. Zonal officials claimed National Election Board of Ethiopia’s law does not work in Gondar. He has been detained while he was giving out the party’s election manifesto.

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Agaw Democratic Party Withdraws its Nominee for Parliament for 2015 Election at Constituency of Bahir Dar City

A reliable source from Regional Election Board Branch Office sent message to wlka anonymously. On the 12th of February, the party’s Chairperson, Mr. Andualem Tilahun, sent a fax message to Bahir Dar City Election Board Secretariat requesting the cancelation of its only candidate in Bahir Dar City constituency who was Mr. Wasihun Mulaw. The candidate also made the similar correspondence with the city board. The city board was reluctant to accept the request till the official memorandum was sent from the secretariat. The contender was the party’s nominee for parliament/House of Representatives for May Election 2015.
Another source stated cancelation created different reactions. Some saw it as defeat before “shot” and others considered as a tactical decision since there are other four parties registered for constituency, which makes the winning chance slim. Some people speculate the action has been taken probably to increase other parties’ winning chance for some sort of expectations in the future.

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AgDP Central Committee Issues Statement on Current Situation in Kemant, Gondar

Agaw Democratic Party/AgDP’s Central Committee at its regular session (on Nov. 15) at the town of Zege, Lake Tana, discussed the current turmoil in North Gondar, Kemant Province. It received a report on more than 100 school closure throughout the province in the past two weeks. On the other hand, it learned that some of schools have been reopened since Wednesday, but other remained close. The party expressed its concerned on the deteriorating situation and asked all involved parties to refrain from any act of violence. At the end of the session it has issued the following statements:
1. The current school closure is resulted from the government’s lack of due respect for its constitution. If the government has respect for the country’s constitution, it could treat the Kemant people, or Agaws in general on an equal basis and the Kemant’s constitutional quest for self-rule could have been guaranteed under Article 39. The party called on the government to stop percussion and address the Kemant’s demand without delay.
2. The communiqué stated that Kemant people have waged peaceful resistance for the past decay and they need to pursue only peaceful struggle to achieve their goals.
3. The communiqué stressed the murder of an unarmed citizen, Mr. Tegenawu Wolelawu and others, whoever is unacceptable. The party demanded an independent investigation and due justice including adequate compensation for the family members of the victims.
Finally, the communiqué demanded for equal treatment and justice to all citizens.

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Call for Support for Continuity of wlka

Peaceful political struggle without media is entirely unthinkable. For the past 3-years, the Agaw people’s struggle, specially, Kemant’s struggle for self-rule and equality that took the attentions of many people could not happen at all without wlka. Indeed, wlka has done its professional responsibility as the online press media. Now days, it is facing enormous challenges for its continuity as the forum and provision of compatible services in the dramatically changing world. There are two major parameters wlka has encountered, financial and personnel who have to provide voluntary services indefinitely. At this point, there are only two unpleasant choices, either strengthen the existing media and pursue the resistance for liberty and constitutional rights, or give up, surrender to the oppressors and live in second class citizenship. If the choice is the former, the following measures must be taken for wlka’s effective continuity:
1. It has to be updated including domain modification and hardware upgrading on its base, to uphold its security and functional capacity.
2. Be able to pay transport and allowance for an informant who travels to field to collect first hand evidence.
Certainty, financial commitment is required to execute the project:

  • $6,790 for the system upgrading and enhancement including backup capability for offline availability;
  • $3,386 for allowance and transport cost for the informants per year;
  • $510 for contingency in the case of emergency for immediate life support. If any thing, like automobile accident happens on the informant while in the field;
  • TOTAL of $US 10,686 only.
  • You are kindly requested to support financially the project as you are keen to the liberty of the oppressed people. Also, share this information with those who have no access to the website. Then, please take initiatives and setup a steering committee that can collect fund from the country you are living. Then, communicate wlka in the same way, you send your articles and comments for publication. Leave your full address including e-mail, phone number with country code and name of city. Then, wlka will contact you for a further action. Thanks!

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    Brief National Profile of Agawia (Agaw-Midir) in Oromian Union

    By Fayyis Oromia

    This brief about Agaw-Midir is a preliminary work to be developed further and completed by those who do have more knowledge about the Agaw people and those who are interested in the issue. Most of the information is collected from different sources about the Agaw land and people.


    The country is named Agawia (phonetically, Agawiya) or Agaw-Midir. The map of Agawia is as shown here: Agawia is about 150,000-SQ-KM large. It encompasses Axum, Adwa, Tembien, Abergele, Welqayit, Tsegede, Enderta, Adigrat, Semien, Quara, Metema, Lasta, Wag and Awi; that means, in general most areas of Tigrai (excluding Raya), north Gondar, part of Gojjam (Awi) and the whole Wag-Lasta.


    Agawia is located in the Horn of Africa in what is today coined as Oromia (Cushitic Ethiopia). Agawia (Agaw-Midir) is the northernmost of present Oromia’s regions containing the whole homeland of the Agaw people (including the majority, who are already assimilated to Amharinya- and Tigrinya-speakers). Its capital is Gondar (the word Gondar means ‘source of God’ in Qemantiye language). Agawia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Afar Region to the east and Oromo Region to the south. Besides Gondar and Meqele, other major towns and cities in Agawia include Injibara, Dangila, Debarq, Metema, Dabat, Lalibela, Seqota, Abiy Addi, Adigrat, Adwa, Aksum, Humera, Inda Selassie, Maychew, Wukro, Qwiha and Zalambessa, as well as the historically significant village of Yeha.

    NB: Oromia = formerly Ethiopia as defined here – is a union in which the following five points (FADOB-score) will be implemented: F = Freedom from the system of domination; A = Afan Oromo as a working language of federal government; D = Democracy as rule of game in the union; O = ‘Oromia’ instead of ‘Ethiopia’ as name of the union; and B = Black-Red-White as Cushitic flag of the union. This Upper Nile country called ‘Oromia’ by the native owners of the land is used to be named as ‘Abyssinia’ by the Portuguese; ‘Kushland’ by the Jews; ‘Ardulhabesh’ by the Arabs; ‘Punt’ by the Egyptians; and ‘Ethiopia’ by the Greeks.

    Agawia is the mother of some civilizations in the Horn of Africa. It is the source of the Geez fidel, and the first African country to accept Christainity and Islam. Agawia is the land of Atse Theodros, Fasil Palace, Qidus Yaryed, Axum, Yeha and Wuqro Negash. It is the land of dauntless emperors, such as Ezana, Kaleb, Armaha, Abraha, Elamda, Almeda, Zera Yaqob, Theodros, Yohannes, and some heroes like Ras Alula, General Hayelom and much more. Agawia is the home of the Ark of the Covenant, the land of the just, brave, free and fair. The Agaw people have a lot to be proud of. Above all, they survived the 3000 years de-Agawization (de-Cushitization) process in their country.


    The following banner shall be the future flag of the Agaw people from Axum and Wag-Lasta through all northern Gondar to western Gojjam, to whom they are bound by blood and bone, but forced to disintegrate and to abandon their true identity for centuries. The blue color of the flag stands for tolerance and trustworthiness; the rows of stars signify bright future and hope ahead. The largest star in the middle symbolizes aspiration for rehabilitation and reunification in order to create a single Agaw state. On hoisting side of the flag, horizontal green, yellow and red tricolors are associated with genuine desire to have a consensus for a possible union with other Oromians in freedom and equality.

    Stars were valuable objects in the tradition of the Agaw flocks. Prior to invention of counting clocks, the Agaw people used stars for night time estimation. Especially, the appearance of five bright stars late at night are called ‘dawn stars’ and were considered as the indicators of the impending daybreak. Those who wanted to go to a religious worship place, or planned to travel before dawn had to observe the five stars to make sure dawn was approaching. Moreover, unusual star behaviors, color changes and violent animations used to be signs of probable instability in the society related to coming events, such as a state change. The long astrological belief that individual personalities have association with types and characteristics of stars at their birth day existed also in the Agaw flocks.


    The Agaw is an ethnic group inhabiting Oromia and neighboring Eritrea; its size is about 20 Million – being the 5th largest nationality in Africa; second largest nationality in East Africa. They speak the Agaw language, which belong to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family as well as Amharinya and Tigrinya, which are the Semetic branch of the same family. The unassimilated Agaw people’s clusters make up the Northern Agaw in Eritrea, known as the Bilen, the Western Agaw known as the Qemant, the Eastern Agaw known as the Xamta, and the Southern Agaw known as the Awi. The Agaw are the original inhabitants of much of the northern Oromian highlands – who were largely assimilated and converted to the Semitic speaking Tigray-Tigrinya and Amhara peoples. They resisted this assimilation process for millennia; there is still a group that is trying to advocate for a nonviolent resistance against Amharization of the Qemant people, for their dignity, and for self-rule. The Agaw people ruled explicitly as Agaw (not as assimilated Habesh) during the Zagwe dynasty of Oromia from about 900 to 1270. The Zagwe kings built churches carved into rock. Many Agaw are now bilingual, speaking their own language and either Amharic or Tigrinya; they are predominately farmers; their culture is similar to Amhara’s – actually, what is now known as the Amhara culture and the Tigrai culture are originally those of Agaw, except few elements overtaken from the Middle East.

    Living largly in the Gondar and Tigrai areas – i.e. the historical ‘Agawland’ – they have been progressively, then massively Christianized and Habeshanized in the last two millennia. At present, for instance, less than one percent of the 170,000 Qemant-Agaw people (1998 census) have preserved their ancestral language and beliefs. The traditional Qemant-Agaw are found in small villages in the Chilga area, about 60-80km west of Gondar. In this area, one can find high priests (kamazana) and priests (abayegarya), led by the Wambar (litt. ‘seat’), their religious and political figure. Monthly and annual festivals as well as other more private circumstances require their competence. On these very occasions, they perform through prayers, chant and dance a ritual called Qedassie (one of the Agaw culture – now adopted by the Orthodox Church of Oromia).

    An Example for the Habeshanization Process of the Agaw
    During the Oromo liberation movement against the Habeshanization of the Oromo by the Christian Kingdom in southern Oromia in the 16th century, the entire Amharinya-speaking Christian population had to flee and cram in a small corner constituted of Tigrai and the territory north of Blue Nile. Consequently, the Emperor – whose dynasty originated in Amhara-Angot-Shoa, having lost his base population and his power base, had to move the seat of his throne to the newly conquered and Christianized Agaw and Falasha regions north of Lake Tana between Dembiya and Welqait. This region then was known as the new Amhara, signifying not “Amhara tribe” (as the region remained predominantly Agaw), but the centrality of the region from where the Emperor ruled his empire, and consequently the adoption of Amharic – the “lesane Negus” or “the language of the Negus” – which would then spread fast and establish its supremacy together with Orthodox Christianity. That was also where the Emperor founded his new capital at Gondar. And thus, the new “Amhara” between Dembiya and Welqait has been thoroughly conquered, Christianized and Amharized permanently cutting out any Tigrai influence west of Tekezie at that time.

    Capital City
    The capital city of Agawia is Gondar – the ancient capital of Abyssinia. Gondar is now a city and separate woreda. It is located north of Tana Lake on the Lesser Angereb River and southwest of the Simien Mountains. It has a latitude and longitude of 12°36′N 37°28′E with an elevation of 2133 meters above sea level. Gondar previously served as the capital of both the Abyssinian Empire and the subsequent Begemder province. The city holds the remains of several royal castles, including those in Fasil Gibbi (the royal enclosure), for which Gondar has been called the “Camelot of Africa.”

    The Land and Its Topography
    Most of the western, southern and central Agawia is green fertile land. Centuries of erosion, deforestation and overgrazing have left some parts of the land, specially the eastern part with dry and treeless plains, hills and plateaus. Nevertheless, an amazing landscape of chains of mountains ranging from 3,250-4,300 meters, cliffs, ledges and precipice are natural attractions of the region. Two altitude extremes: the elevation of the region rises from 600-4,300 meters above sea level, the Tekeze Gorge, 550 meters above sea level, the “Kisad Gudo” peak at 3,935 meters above sea level and Rasdashin mountain more than 4,300 meters are among Agawia’s natural scenery which is classified into the central highland, the western lowland and eastern escarpments. The climate of the state is characterized as “Qolla” (semi arid), “Woyina Dega” (warm temperate), and “Dega” (temperate). The average annual rainfall is between 450-980 mm. Blue Nile, Angereb, Tekeze and Mereb are international rivers that pass through Agawia with their sources in the Agawia and Eritrean Mountains. Blue Nile and Tekeze are promising sources of hydroelectric power. Agawia is one of the richest areas in the Horn in mineral resources. Some of the explored metallic minerals of the state include gold, copper, iron ore, zinc, lead, nickel, Asbestos, Silica sand, Kaolin, graphite, gypsum gemstone, marble, granite slate, limestone and dolomite are among the non-metallic minerals.


    The Agaw speak Agaw language of different dialects in the four enclaves of Agawia as listed below. Agaw-Awngi (spoken by the Awi), Xamtanga (spoken by the Xamta), Qemnaty (spoken by the Qemant), and, of course, Amharic, Tigrinya and Tigre, which are also Afro-Asiatic languages, but of the Semitic branch, are spoken by most assimilated ones. The Agaw dialects are part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family. The survived subgroups: the Northern Agaw are known as Bilen, capital Keren; the Western Agaw are known as Qemant, capital Gondar; the Eastern Agaw are known as Xamta, capital Soqota; and the Southern Agaw are known as Awi, capital Injibara. All who became the victims of the Assimilation process do speak Amharinya in Gondar and Lasta as well as Tigrinya in Tigrai and Eritrea.


    Mostly Orthodox, syncretistic form of Christianity; Christo-pagan Religion; and traditional Cushitic Religion (belief in one Adera = God). From all Agaw, the Qemant have close historical ties with the Beta Israel and had a Hebraic religion, with elements of Judaism. Now only 1% adhere to the Qemant religion, and 99% of them are Orthodox.

    In their traditional religion, the Qemant believe in one God, assisted by angels, heroes and holy figures. Spirits and genii loci also play important roles in spiritual life. The Qemant pantheon also adopted (and adapted) biblical figures like Adam and Eva, Cain and Abel, Noah and his wife, Abraham and Moses. However, they do not possess any written literature. They believe in souls, in good and evil, in judgment day and in everlasting life in heaven. God is good, but can be violent, too. Prayers sanctify and keep Saytan away. Hermits (maheyen) were highly venerated in the past. Ritual places (shuwen sebra) are always located on hilltops, in sacred groves (degna). Each one is dedicated to cultural heroes.

    According to the tradition, the sacred groves are innumerable, from Canaan to Oromia. Traditional Qemant pray when getting up (shuwen faynu), before drinking and eating (gawten), before and after work (qidus) and at bedtime. They fast from the eve until the end of each ceremony. They observe a strict law of purity, limiting contacts with their non-Qemant neighbourhood. The same can be said for their diet: they do not eat pork, fish or wounded animals, and do not mix flesh with milk. With their Jewish neighbours, who also observed strict dietary laws, they could share the injera (traditional crepe), fruits and vegetables. As for whether religion is given by birth, proselytism was not practiced, but conversion was permitted. The religion of the Qemant people is comprised of traditional, many Hebraic and some Christian elements that cannot be summarized by one definition; religious practice and beliefs form a whole which is proper to them.


    The Agaw are perhaps first mentioned in the 3rd-century AD Aksumite inscription and recorded by Cosmas Indicopleustes in the 6th century. The inscription refers to a people called “Athagaus” (or Athagaous), perhaps from Ad Agaw, meaning sons of Agaw. The Athagaous first turn up as one of the peoples conquered by the unknown king who inscribed the Monumentum Adulitanum. The Agaw are later mentioned in an inscription of the 4th-century Agaw-Aksumite King Ezana and 6th-century Agaw King Kaleb. Based on this evidence, a number of experts embrace a theory first stated by Edward Ullendorff and Carlo Conti Rossini that they are the original inhabitants of much of the northern Oromian highlands, and were mostly assimilated and converted to the Semitic-speaking Tigray-Tigrinya and Amhara peoples. Cosmas Indicopleustes also noted in his Christian Topography that a major gold trade route passed through the region of Agaw.

    The area referred to seems to be an area west of the Tekezé River and just south of the Semien Mountains, perhaps around Lake Tana. The survived Agaw currently speak Agaw language in a number of scattered enclaves, which include the Bilen in and around Keren in Eritrea; the Qemant and the Qwara, who live around Gondar in the north Gondar Zone, west of the Tekezé River and north of Lake Tana; a number of Agaw live south of Lake Tana, around Dangila in the Agaw Awi Zone; and another group speak Agaw language around Soqota in the former province of Wollo. The Cushitic speaking Agaw people ruled as non-Solomonic dynasty during the Zagwe dynasty of Oromia from about 900 to 1270. The name of the dynasty itself comes from the Ge’ez phrase Ze-Agaw (meaning ‘of Agaw’), and refers to the Agaw people.


    Most of cultural elements – now known as that of Amhara and Tigrai peoples – originally belong to the Agaw. The iskista of Gondar is that of Qemant-Agaw; the drum beat of Tigrai is that of Axumite Agaw; the Qedassie in Orthodox church is overtaken from Agaw’s traditional religion; the Ashenda, now celebrated in Tigrai, is a typical Agaw-Cushitic culture … etc. Qedassie, i.e. ‘make Holy’ – is the central ritual of Agaw religious tradition. It is performed weekly (Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays), for monthly and annual festivals, as well as for funerals. Its general structure is simply modified to fit each occasion. For tazkar, the ritual is the most complete. The performance of Qedassie is strictly devoted to the priests of the Agaw traditional religion: the congregation has no other function than to attend to the ceremony. Ashenda or Shadey (a tradition similar to Ingiccaa of the Oromo) is a festival celebrated in August in the whole Agawia. Ashenda now marks the end of a two-week-long fast known as Filseta, when adherents of the Orthodox Tewahedo Church gather to honour the Virgin Mary.

    Ashenda is an Agawinya word, meaning tall green grass, estimated at around 80–90 cm minimum height. In the tradition of this religious festival, blades of grass are strewn on the floors of homes and shops as a kind of welcome mat. The festivity of Ashenda has no common name throughout the country. For instance, in Enderta, historically, it is known as Ashenda, and is colorfully celebrated on August 16-21. In Wag Hemra zone, it is called Shaday, and in Raya Qobo (Agaw influenced Oromo Region), it’s known as Solel – and it is celebrated on August 16. In Adigrat town, it is called Mariya – and it is celebrated August 15–17. In Aksum town, it is called Ayniwari, and it is celebrated August 23–25. The festival of Ashenda has cultural, religious and economic importance, and encourages industriousness. Once traditionally a young girls’ festival, it has since gained widespread recognition and popularity in Agawia.

    Resources and Economy

    About 85% of the population are farmers. Teff, wheat, corn, sorghum, barely niger seed, flaxseed and sesame are the main crops. Other agricultural products include pulses, beans, lentils, onions, vegetables and fruits and potatoes. Irrigation and terrace farming are used on the steep slopes. The region is also known for its export items of cotton, incense, sesame and minerals. Millions of hectares of land in the Agawia is cultivable, of which about two million hectares is being cultivated, while 850,000 hectares of land is terraced. Handicraft (gold smith, painting and wood sculptures) is another area of activity observed in the historic cities of the state. Industry is still minimal, but growing, some of the industry include equipment manufacturing and industrial engineering companies. There are also a pharmaceutical factory, a textile factory, a cement factory, a laser tanning factory, a marble cutting factory, a flour mill factory, a nail factory, a
    water purification factory, and a small shoe factory are some of them. Most new enterprises are small and medium scale. The industrial including mining and quarry manufacturing has grown, which incorporates water, electric and construction activities. Power supply, until recently, was dependent on generators, however, by the 1998 summer, the scheme to connect the region to the national grid was completed. The Tekeze project, which is expected to generate about 310 megawatt, has improved power supply of the region. Telecommunications have also improved over the past few years.

    Political Objective

    The fundamental political objective of the Agaw people is to exercise their inalienable right to national self-determination, to liberate themselves from a century of oppression and exploitation, and to form, where possible, a political union with other nations on the basis of equality, respect for mutual interests and the principle of voluntary associations. The union they want to foster can be named as Ethiopia, Cushland, Oromia, Agawia or otherwise. Agaw-Midir and its people are victims of the last three millennia anti-Cushitism. Agaw nationalists struggle to stop this Ethio-phobic Ethiopiawinet. We all know that true Ethiopia = Cush. Since thousands of years ago, systematic anti-Cushitism is going on. The Western elites and their Abyssinian friends did build Ethio-phobic Ethiopia (i.e. anti-Cushitic Ethiopia) with 3000 years pseudo “glorious history.” The main features of this Ethio-phobic Ethiopian movement are:

    – denying Cushitic civilization and/or giving it to the other non-Cushitic nations; e.g. both Egypt civilization and Axum civilization are attributed to the Semites.

    – Cushitic leaders are given fake ancestry, so that they claimed to be from Solomon dynasty; thus all Agaw kings, who ruled Axum empire are taken as non-Agaw Semites from Solomon origin.

    – Cushitic culture and languages are undermined in a Cushitic country like today’s Oromia; so what has happened is a cultural and linguistic genocide on Agaw people.

    – Cushitic religion, i.e believing in one Adera (similar to Waaqefeanna) is systematically weakened.

    – the main Cushitic languages, Afan Oromo and Agawinya, are yet purposely denied the status of federal working language, just to undermine the Cushitic cultural heritage of Oromia.

    – Cushitic peoples are purposely classified into other categories; e.g. all the so called Omotic and Ethiosemetic are actually Cushites.

    – the Habeshanized elites, being masked with Ethiopiawinet, are still fighting against the liberation forces of the Cushites; their version of Ethiopiawinet is actually Ethio-phobic.

    – true Ethiopiawinet (Kushawinet) loves, for example, Agaw and Agawinet, but the Habeshanized elites preach Ethiopiawinet, which is in practice Agaw-phobic.

    Because of this confusion regarding pseudo-Ethiopiawinet vs. true Ethiopiawinet, the Oromo nationals have already prefered calling the current Ethiopia as Oromia, just like their re-naming of Addis Ababa to Finfinne. The Agaw nationals also don’t have to accept the de-Cushiticized pseudo-Ethiopia, but struggle for the renaissance of the true Ethiopiawinet with all its Cushitic elements; of course, on the grave of the now flourishing Habeshawinet as the main component of their daily preached Ethio-phobic Ethiopiawinet. Two of the Cushitic elements to be revived are the Agaw culture and Agaw language in the whole Agaw-Midir, not only in the small enclaves now speaking Agawinya.

    Posted in Agaw Kemant | 3 Comments

    Amara Regional Council Cadres Violet Constitution on Kemant Issue

    Amhara Regional Council senior cadres made a decision yesterday against the decision of House Federation of Ethiopia, which authorized all Kemant areas to be incorporated into planned Kemants Self-rule. The House of Federation passed this resolution on June 24, 2015, overriding the regional council bill issued on March 13, 2015.
    But, in response, yesterday, Amhara Regional Council cadres passed the decision for the second time just to limit Kemants self-rule only in two woredas (counties) in contrary to the resolution of the House Federation. Regional senior cadres say, “constitution is not Gospel” it is political agreement and conditional to situations.

    It was interesting many of council members from South Wollo, North Shewa, East Gojjam and other areas are against the cadres’ unconstitutional moves. The speakers expressed boldly their position; they said they did not trust the regional cadres because they misled the council members more than twice. In effect, the speakers are in favor of the House decision. The names of the speakers against the cadres move will be published as soon as available.

    Posted in Agaw Kemant | 5 Comments

    Amhara Regional Government Launches Military Campaign against Judaio-Pag Kemants

    Find the following links:

    Posted in Agaw Kemant | 1 Comment